Oophaga histrionica (Berthold, 1845)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Oophaga > Species: Oophaga histrionica

Hylaplesia de Cocteau Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 653. Manuscript name coined as a synonym of Dendrobates tinctorius.

Dendrobates histrionicus Berthold, 1845, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, 1845: 43. Syntypes: ZFMK 28119-21, 28123, AMNH 140863 (formerly ZFMK 28122); ZFMK 28123 designated lectotype by Myers and Böhme, 1996, Am. Mus. Novit., 3185: 8. Type locality: "Neu-Granada . . . . Provinz Popayan"; clarified by Myers and Böhme, 1996, Am. Mus. Novit., 3185: 17, to "Pacific versant northwestern Colombia, probably upper Río San Juan drainage in the present-day Department of Risaralda" western Colombia.

Dendrobates tinctorius var. cocteaniSteindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 261. Incorrect subsequent spelling of cocteaui.

Dendrobates tinctorius cocteauiBoulenger, 1913, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1913: 1027. Status distinct from Dendrobates tinctorius tinctorius rejected by Laurent, 1942, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 18: 1-20.

Dendrobates tinctorius var. coctaeiBoulenger, 1913, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1913: 1027. Incorrect subsequent spelling of cocteaui.

Dendrobates tinctorius wittei Laurent, 1942, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 18: 12. Holotype: IRSNB I.G. 1942, Reg. 62; subsequently reported as IRSNB 1.038 by Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 7. Type locality: "'Los Mangos' (Colombie)". Synonymy by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 11.

Dendrobates tinctorius histrionicusLaurent, 1942, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 18: 12.

Dendrobates histrionicaDunn, 1944, Caldasia, 2: 520.

Dendrobates histrionicus concluens Blomberg, 1955, Guld att Hämta: 122. Type(s): Not designated. Type locality: "La Ciudad de Madrigal [sic]", Department of Nariño, southwestern Colombia. Apparently a valid nomenclatural act, although not noted as such prior to a personal commun. to DRF from M. Lundberg (8 July 2011).

Dendrobates histrionicus confluens Funkhouser, 1956, Zoologica, New York, 41: 75. Holotype: CAS-SU (formerly SU) 13151, by original designation. Type locality: "La Ciudad (de Madrigar), lying in the pass through the western Cordillera of the Río Patia, Department of Nariño, southwestern Colombia (approximately Long. 77° 30′ W. X Lat. 1° 46′ N.), at an elevation of ±600 mtr."

Dendrobates tinctorius confluensCochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 32.

Oophaga histrionicaBauer, 1994, Ripa, Netherlands, Fall: 4. Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 172.

English Names

Harlequin Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 22; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50).

Common Poison-arrow Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 49).

Red-and-black Poison Frog (CITES).


Southern Chocó, south through western Risaralda and Valle del Cauca to Narino, western Colombia, below 1000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia

Endemic: Colombia


Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 576-584, provided an account. Posso-Terranova and Andrés, 2018, Mol. Ecol., 27: 3432–3451, named Oophaga andresi, Oophaga anchicayensis, and Oophaga solanensis from within what had been considered parts of Oophaga histrionica, and therefore redelimited the range. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.