Ranitomeya fantastica (Boulenger, 1884)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae > Genus: Ranitomeya > Species: Ranitomeya fantastica

Dendrobates fantasticus Boulenger, 1884 "1883", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1883: 636. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.15.1–4 (formerly 1884.2.18.24–27) according to museum records; BMNH 1947.2.15.4 designated lectotype by Silverstone, 1975, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 21: 35. Type locality: "Yurimaguas, Huallaga River, [Loreto,] Northern Peru".

Dendrobates phantasticusWerner, 1901, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 51: 631. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Ranitomeya fantasticusAnonymous, 1985, Ripa, Netherlands, April: 2.

Ranitomeya fantasticaBauer, 1988, Het Paludarium, Netherlands, November: 6; Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 171.

English Names

Red-headed Poison Frog (Walls, 1994, Jewels of the Rainforest: 22; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).


Cordillera Escalera and the lowlands to the north in Loreto, Peru.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Peru

Endemic: Peru


Schulte, 1999, Pfeilgiftfrösche: 56–69, provided an account. Lötters, Jungfer, Henkel, and Schmidt, 2007, Poison Frogs: 472–475, provided an account and placed this species in their Ranitomeya ventrimaculata group. Brown, Twomey, Pepper, and Sanchez-Rodriguez, 2008, Zootaxa, 1823: 1–24, redelimited the species and its range and described the advertisement call and morphology. In the Ranitomeya reticulata species group of Brown, Twomey, Amézquita, Souza, Caldwell, Lötters, von May, Melo-Sampaio, Mejía-Vargas, Pérez-Peña, Pepper, Poelman, Sanchez-Rodriguez, and Summers, 2011, Zootaxa, 3083: 47, and who provided an account on page 51–52. Records from the lower Huallaga River, San Martin Province, Peru, were reassigned by Muell, Chávez, Prates, Guillory, Kahn, Twomey, Rodrigues, and Brown, 2022, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 168 (107389): 1–10, to Ranitomeya summersi

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