Hyloxalinae Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Hyloxalinae
74 species

English Names

None noted.


Panama south to Peru along the Pacific coast, Andean Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru as well and eastern foothills of the Andes in Bolivia to Venezuela, east to the upper Amazon Basin.


Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, confirmed the monophyly of this taxon and provided a tree of their molecular exemplars. Guillory, Muell, Summers, and Brown, 2019, Diversity, 11 (126): 1–14, reported on the phylogenetics and evolutionary history of the family and suggested that Hyloxalinae is the sister taxon of Colostethinae. The claim of Hyloxalinae non-monophyly by Portik, Streicher, and Wiens, 2023, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 188 (107907): 68, is surprising inasmuch as Grant, Rada, Anganoy-Criollo, Batista, Dias, Jeckel, Machado, and Rueda-Almonacid, 2017, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 12 (Special Issue): 34, already rejected the placement of Parwrobates erythromos in Hyloxalus by Santos, Baquero, Barrio-Amorós, Coloma, Erdtmann, Lima, and Cannatella, 2014, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 281 (DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.1761): supporting text p. 10.  

Contained taxa (74 sp.):

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