Chrysopaa sternosignata (Murray, 1885)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Chrysopaa > Species: Chrysopaa sternosignata

Rana sternosignata Murray, 1885, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 16: 120. Syntypes: "Kurrachee Municipal Museum", presumaby the Karachi Museum and likely now lost; Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 72, listed two syntypes in the BMNH from Muleer and Quetta. Type locality: "Mulleer [= Malir] near Kurrachee [= Karachi]; Zandra and Quetta, in South Afghanistan" (all localities actually in Pakistan).

Rana (Rana) sternosignataBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 8.

Rana (Paa) sternosignataDubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1098. Dubois, 1976, Cah. Nepal., Doc., 6: 24; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 43.

Paa (Gynandropaa) sternosignataDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 319.

Nanorana sternosignataChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367.

Chrysopaa sternosignataOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 780.

English Names

Baluch Mountain Frog (Minton, 1966, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 134: 57).

Malir Paa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 103).

Murray's Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 12).

Karez Frog (Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 161).


Baluchistan (Pakistan) and Kashmir (Pakistan and India) to east- and west-central Afghanistan.


See accounts by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 71, and Khan, 2004, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 39: 45-47. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 134-135, provided a brief account (as Rana sternosignata). Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 152-153, provided range, systematic comments, partial taxonomic bibliography, and doubted the Afghanistan records. Khan, 2006, Amph. Rept. Pakistan: 64-65, provided an account for Pakistan. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted several larval descriptions of varying levels of completeness in the literature (as Nanorana sternosignata). See localities and range map for Afghanistan by Wagner, Bauer, Leviton, Wilms, and Böhme, 2016, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 63: 457–565. 

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