Limnonectes acanthi (Taylor, 1923)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes acanthi

Rana acanthi Taylor, 1923, Philipp. J. Sci., 22: 523. Holotype: EHT 539, by original designation; now CAS 62577, according to Slevin and Leviton, 1956, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 28: 537. Type locality: "Busuanga Island, Calamian Islands", Philippines.

Rana macrodon acanthiInger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 285–287.

Rana magna acanthiInger, 1958, Fieldiana, Zool., 39: 253–255.

Rana acanthiTaylor and Elbel, 1958, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 38: 1053. Rejects synonymy of Rana magna, Rana macrodon, and Rana acanthi.

Limnonectes (Limnonectes) acanthiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63.

English Names

Busuanga Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99).


Islands of Balabac, Busuanga, Culion, Moro, and Palawan in the Philippines.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Philippines

Endemic: Philippines


In the Limnonectes (Limnonectes) grunniens group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63, who also removed it from the syonymy of Rana magna, where it had been placed by Inger, 1958, Fieldiana, Zool., 39: 253–255. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 481, who suggested that the Moro population is not conspecific with the other populations and that this may be a species complex. Herr, Vallejos, Meneses, Abraham, Otterholt, Siler, Rico, and Brown, 2021, Ichthyol. & Herpetol., 109: 188–210, found that the populations on Mindoro and Semirara, morphologically not distinguishable from Limnonectes acanthi, is distinguishable by call and molecules, which they named Limnonectes beloncioi. 

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