Limnonectes dabanus (Smith, 1922)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes dabanus

Rana macrognathus dabana Smith, 1922, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 4: 221. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens—formerly M. Smith 4842 and 4845), by original designation. Type locality: "Daban, 200 metres altitude, Langbian plateau, S. Annam" (now in Loc Chau Commune, Bao Loc City, Lam Dong Province, Vietnam, elevation 200 m, according to Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 23).

Rana toumanoffi Bourret, 1941, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1941: 23. Holotype: R. Bourret 285, by original designation; now MNHNP 1948.126 according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 39. Type locality: "Mimot (Cambodge)". Synonymy by Stuart, Sok, and Neang, 2006, Raffles Bull. Zool., 54: 138.

Euphlyctis toumanoffiPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Bourretia) dabanusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 62.

Limnonectes (Bourretia) toumanoffiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 61–62.

Limnonectes (Elachyglossa) dabanusOhler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 276.

Limnonectes (Elachyglossa) toumanoffiOhler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 276.

English Names

Annam Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99).

Toumanoff's Wart Frog (Limnonectes toumanoffi [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Annam Fanged Frog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 23). 

Distribution

Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Lam Dong, Dong Nai, Binh Dinh, Lam Dong, Ninh Thuan, and Khanh Hoa provinces, Vietnam, into adjacent Laos; tributaries of the Mekong and Krong Rivers in Cambodia and southern Vietnam, below 900 m elevation.

Comment

Status elevated from subspecies under Limnonectes macrognathus by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 62; without discussion. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 87, commented on the range. Stuart, Sok, and Neang, 2006, Raffles Bull. Zool., 54: 137–138, provided a record and account for Cambodia. Account provided (as Rana toumanoffi) by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 272–274. See Ohler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 276, for reference to Vietnam record (as Limnonectes toumanoffi). Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 87, commented on the range of nominal Limnonectes toumanoffi. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 23, provided specific localities for Vietnam for Limnonectes toumanoffi. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Limnonectes toumanoffi) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 484. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 89, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Rowley, Le, Hoang, and Altig, 2014, Zootaxa, 3881: 195–200, reported on advertisement call and larval morphology.  Lambertz, Hartmann, Walsh, Geissler, and McLeod, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 172: 117–132, compared the head ornamentation of Limnonectes abanus, Limnonectes gyldenstolpei, Limnonectes macrognathus, and Limnonectes plicatellus and suggested that the name Elachoglossa be restricted to this clade. Teynié, Nguyen, Lorvelec, Piquet, Lottier, and David, 2014, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 151: 21–52, provided the record for Laos. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 90–92. Phimmachak, Richards, Sivongxay, Seateun, Chuaynkern, Makchai, Som, and Stuart, 2019, ZooKeys, 846: 133–156, provided morphological and molecular data in comparison with Limnonectes savan. Pham, Phan, Do, and Nguyen, 2019, Tap-Chi-Sinh-Hoc, 41 (2se1&2se2): 170–171, reported collection sites from Ninh Thuan and Khanh Hoa provinces, Vietnam, and described the specimens, provided photograph and ecological notes, and summarized the range in Vietnam by province. 

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