Limnonectes macrodon (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes macrodon

Rana macrodon Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 83. Nomen nudum attributed to Kuhl (label name).

Rana macrodon Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 382. Syntypes: MNHNP (6 specimens) of which the Celebes specimen Barbour, 1912, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 44: 63, suggested was likely a specimen of Rana modesta; MNHNP 4465 designated lectotype by Kiew, 1978, Malayan Nat. J., 31: 220. Type locality: "Java" and "Célèbes", Indonesia; restricted to Java by lectotype designation.

Rana (Rana) macrodonBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 6. Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 174.

Rana macrodon macrodonInger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 276.

Rana (Euphlyctis) macrodonDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 239, by implication.

Euphlyctis macrodonPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Limnonectes) macrodonDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63.

English Names

Malaya Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Malayan Giant Bullfrog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 125).

Stone Creek Frog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 75).

Giant Javan Frog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 75; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 28).

Brown Mountain Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 106).


Java and eastern Sumatra (Indonesia). (See comment)

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia

Endemic: Indonesia


See accounts by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 40; Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 383-386; Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 208-212; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 255-260; and Kiew, 1978, Malayan Nat. J., 31: 219-229. See comment under Rana blythii. Possibly two species (? including Rana malesiana) under this name in Malaya, according to Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 77-78. See Rana malesiana, with which this species has been confused. Bornean records are referable to Rana ingeri. The record for Sikkim by Chanda, 1987 "1986", J. Bengal Nat. Hist. Soc., N.S.,, 5: 145, is almost certainly in error (Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 173). Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317-324, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India, which is here considered problematic, although it was accepted at face value by Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 28. See Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 75-76, for brief account for Javan population. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 84-86, to compare this species with other ranids of the Sunda Shelf region. In the Limnonectes (Limnonectes) grunniens group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 105, provided a brief characterization and photograph (which Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 101, regarded as of Rana kuhlii). Menzies, 2006, Frogs New Guinea & Solomon Is.: 66, discussed the problematic nature of the New Guinea record. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 483, who noted that records from mainland Southeast Asia are referable to Limnonectes blythii.

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