Limnonectes magnus (Stejneger, 1910)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes magnus

Rana magna Stejneger, 1910, Smithson. Misc. Collect., 52: 437. Holotype: USNM 35231, by original designation and Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 75. Type locality: "Mount Apo, Mindanao, between Todaya and camp, 4,000 to 6,000 feet altitude", Philippine Islands. Likely in error according to Abraham, Herr, Sterkhova, Otterholt, Siler, Sanguila, and Brown, 2021, Herpetol. Monogr., 35: 112–140, who applied this name to the lowland population on Mindanao. 

Rana (Rana) magnaBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 6.

Rana modesta magnaSmith, 1927, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1927: 211.

Rana macrodon magnaInger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 287.

Rana magna magnaInger, 1958, Fieldiana, Zool., 39: 253-255.

Rana (Euphlyctis) magnaDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 239, by implication.

Euphlyctis magnaPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Limnonectes) magnusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63.

English Names

Mount Apo Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Mindanao Fanged Frog (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 629).

Distribution

Mindanao, Basilan, Bohol, Samar, Siargo, and Leyte Islands, Philippines, 1200–1800 m elevation.

Comment

Brief account (as Rana macrodon magna) by Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 287, who removed from the synonymy of Rana modesta, where it had been placed by Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 176. See also account by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 44. In the Limnonectes (Limnonectes) grunniens group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 629. See brief notes for Mindanao, Philippines, by Sanguila, Cobb, Siler, Diesmos, Alcala, and Brown, 2016, ZooKeys, 624: 29–31. See comments by Baron, Marin, Logramonte, and Mohagan, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 76–87. Abraham, Herr, Sterkhova, Otterholt, Siler, Sanguila, and Brown, 2021, Herpetol. Monogr., 35: 112–140, reported on the molecular phylogenetics morphometrics, systematics and distribution; via examination of the holotype they assigned this name to the lowland population in the Limnonectes magnus group (Limnonectes diuata + Limnonectes magnus), with Limnonectes diuata applied to the high elevation species. For this reason, literature prior to 2021 should be used with caution. 

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