Limnonectes modestus (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes modestus

Rana modesta Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 25. Syntypes: BMNH, including animal figured on pl. 1, fig. 3, in the original; BMNH 1947.2.3.32 (formerly 1872.4.6.144) and 1947.2.3.52–61 (formerly 1871.7.20.218 and 1872.4.6.135–143), according to Menzies, 1987, Aust. J. Zool., 35: 387, and collection records. Type locality: "Gorontalo" and "Manado", Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Rana (Rana) modestaBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 6. Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 176.

Dicroglossus modestusDeckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 138.

Rana (Euphlyctis) modestaDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 239, by implication.

Euphlyctis modestaPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Limnonectes) modestusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63.

English Names

Moluccas Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).


Sulawesi, Ceram, and Moluccas (Indonesia).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia, South Moluccas


See comment under Limnonectes microtympanum and Limnonectes magnus. See accounts by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 46, and Menzies, 1987, Aust. J. Zool., 35: 373–418 (who suggested that the Sulwesi and Ceram populations might represent different taxa). In the Limnonectes (Limnonectes) grunniens group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 63. Koch, Arida, Riyanto, and Böhme, 2009, Bonn. Zool. Beitr., 56: 107–129, reported a similar population (as Limnonectes cf modestus) from the Talaud Islands, Indonesia. McLeod, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 991–1000, suggested that nominal Limnonectes modestus is composed of a complex of species. Wanger, Motzke, Saleh, and Iskandar, 2011, Salamandra, 47: 17–29, reported the species from central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Karin, Krone, Frederick, Hamidy, Laksono, Amini, Arida, Arifin, Bach, Bos, Jennings, Riyanto, Scarpetta, Stubbs, and McGuire, 2023, PeerJ, 11(e15766): 1–19, reported on elevational range in northern Sulawesi.

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