Limnonectes plicatellus (Stoliczka, 1873)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes plicatellus

Rana plicatella Stoliczka, 1873, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 42: 116. Type(s): Not designated; ZSIC 9542 is holotype according to Sclater, 1892, List Batr. Indian Mus.: 5. Type locality: "either Penang itself or on the opposite coast of the Wellesley Province", Malaya, Malaysia.

Rana (Rana) plicatellaBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 7.

Rana (Euphlyctis) plicatellaDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 239, by implication.

Euphlyctis plicatellaPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Bourretia) plicatellusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 62.

Limnonectes (Elachyglossa) plicatellusOhler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 276.

English Names

Penang Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Rhinoceros Frog (Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 34; Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 120).

Big-headed Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 128).


Yala Province (peninsular Thailand) and Malaya, Malaysia; Singapore.


See Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 53; Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 401-405; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 270-272; and Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 85-86, for synonymy and discussion. Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 36, provided a brief account. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 101. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 120-121, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Lambertz, Hartmann, Walsh, Geissler, and McLeod, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 172: 117–132, compared the head ornamentation of Limnonectes dabanus, Limnonectes gyldenstolpei, Limnonectes macrognathus, and Limnonectes plicatellus and suggested that the name Elachoglossa be restricted to this clade. Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 9, reported specimens from the base of Mount Lawit, Terregganu, West Malaysia, and and reported on their morphology and habitat. See comments on morphology and natural history in West Malaysia by Chan, Muin, Anuar, Andam, Razak, and Aziz, 2019, Check List, 15: 1055–1069.

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