Sphaerotheca strachani (Murray, 1884)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Sphaerotheca > Species: Sphaerotheca strachani

Tomopterna strachani Murray, 1884, Vert. Zool. Sind: 399. Type(s): Karachi Mus., presumed lost. Type locality: "Sind (Mulleer)" (= Malir, near Karachi), Pakistan.

Rana strachaniBoulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 452.

Rana (Tomopterna) strachaniBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 101–102; Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 233; by implication.

Tomopterna strachaniDeckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 139, by implication.

Sphaerotheca strachaniVences, Glaw, Kosuch, Das, and Veith, 2000, Lourenço and Goodman (eds.), Diversité et Endéémisme à Madagascar: 232.

English Names

Pakistan Bullfrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 110).


Malir, Karachi, Sind (Pakistan).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Pakistan

Endemic: Pakistan


Khan, 1976, Biologia, Lahore, 22: 208, following Mertens, 1969, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., 197: 15, noted that Tomopterna strachani was probably a synonym of Tomopterna breviceps. This synonymy was accepted by Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 165, but subsequently Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 57, without comment, regarded Tomopterna strachani as either incertae sedis within Sphaerotheca or a synonym of another species. See account by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 106. Prasad, Dinesh, Das, Swamy, Shinde, and Vishnu, 2019, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 119: 207, commented on taxonomic status. Rais, Ahmed, Sajjad, Akram, Saeed, Hamid, and Abid, 2021, ZooKeys, 1062: 157–175, briefly summarized the confusion around application of this name. 

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