Ingerana Dubois, 1987

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Occidozyginae > Genus: Ingerana
2 species

Ingerana Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 64. Type species: Rana tenasserimensis Sclater, 1892, by original designation.

English Names

Eastern Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99).

Trickle Frogs (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 5).


Northeastern India; Nepal; Western China (Xizang and Yunnan); Myanmar, adjacent Thailand and peninsular Malaysia.


Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 57, placed this taxon in his subfamily Raninae, Tribe Dicroglossini. Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 313-314, subsequently placed it in the subfamily Dicroglossinae, tribe Ceratobatrachini. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 136, placed Ingerana in Ceratobatrachidae on the basis of DNA sequence evidence. Some species formerly recognized in Micrixalus and Platymantis were placed in this genus by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 64-65, who recognized two subgenera noted in the accounts, Ingerana and Liurana. Rana tenasserimensis was included in Indirana by Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 761. This genus was not recognized as distinct from Micrixalus by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 136, pending additional work on Chinese species. Inger, 1996, Herpetologica, 52: 241-246, noted that Liurana was diagnosed on a characteristic that has been noted only in one of the three species assigned to the subgenus. Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1997, Cultum Herpetol. Sinica, 6–7: 77-79, ranked Liurana as a genus—not followed here because not all species can be sorted among the two taxa. See comment under Rana charlesdarwini. Roelants, Jiang, and Bossuyt, 2004, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 31: 735, suggested that Ingerana is in Occidozyginae, only distantly related to Ceratobatrachini. Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 147-149, provided a key to Chinese species of Liurana. Dubois, 2005, Alytes, 23: 4, suggested without presenting evidence that Liurana is a synonym of Limnonectes (as Taylorana; in Dicroglossinae). Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 236, discussed the status of Liurana, and provisionally retained it a synonym of Ingerana, pending the appearance of published evidence in support of its placement. Bossuyt, Brown, Hillis, Cannatella, and Milinkovitch, 2006, Syst. Biol., 55: 579-594, provided largely similar results, but although they placed Ingerana baluensis (the same exemplar used Frost et al., 2006) as the sister taxon of the remaining ceratobatrachids, they found Ingerana tenasserimensis (the type species of Ingerana) to be in Dicroglossidae and they found at least one species of nominal Platymantis (papuensis) far from other species of Platymantis, thereby suggesting its nonmonophyly. Wiens, Sukumaran, Pyron, and Brown, 2009, Evolution, 63: 1217-1231, corroborated that recognition of Ingerana renders Occidozyga paraphyletic, as did Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, although this paraphyly was remedied by the transfer of Occidozyga borealis to Ingerana by Sailo, Lalremsanga, Hooroo, and Ohler, 2009, Alytes, 27: 1-12.Borah, Bordoloi, Purkayastha, Das, Dubois, and Ohler, 2013, Herpetozoa, Wien, 26: 39-48, discussed the status of several species formerly in this group and transferred them to Limnonectes. By transferring a number of Sundaland species to Ceratobatrachidae/Alcalus Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 142, remedied the non-monophyly of Ingerana

Contained taxa (2 sp.):

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