Gastrotheca cornuta (Boulenger, 1898)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hemiphractidae > Genus: Gastrotheca > Species: Gastrotheca cornuta

Nototrema cornutum Boulenger, 1898, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1898: 124. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.22.49 (formerly 1898.4.28.162) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 86. Type locality: "Cachabé" (= Cachabí), Provincia Esmeraldas, Ecuador. Noted elsewhere in the original publication as "Cachabé, a small village on the river of that name, on the N. W. Coast, in the Prov. Esmeraldas.... probably about 500 feet above the sea".

Hyla ceratophrys Stejneger, 1911, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 41: 286. Holotype: USNM 47705, by original designation. Type locality: "upper Pequeni River, [Provincia Panamá,] Republic of Panama". Synonymy by Duellman, 1983, Copeia, 1983: 872.

Gastrotheca cornutumPeters, 1955, Rev. Ecuat. Entomol. Parsitol., 2: 339.

Gastrotheca ceratophrysDuellman, 1966, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 265.

Gastrotheca (Opisthodelphys) cornutaDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 31.

Gastrotheca (Amphignathodon) cornuta — Duellman, 2015, Marsupial Frogs: 163. Attributed to Dubois, 1987 "1986", in error. 

Amphignathodon cornutus — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 431.

English Names

Horned Marsupial Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 53).


Pacific lowlands of Ecuador, Colombia, and Panama; the Caribbean slopes of western Panama and adjacent Costa Rica, sea level to 1000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama


In the Gastrotheca ovifera group of Duellman, Maxson, and Jesiolowski, 1988, Copeia, 1988: 527–543. See account (as Gastrotheca ceratophrys) by Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 153–158. Duellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: Tab. 67, treated Gastrotheca ceratophrys as a distinct species without discussion. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 294. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 192–194, compared this species with other Central American hemiphractids and provided a map and photograph of this species. In the Gastrotheca longipes group of Castroviejo-Fisher, Padial, De la Riva, Pombal, Silva, Rojas-Runjaic, Medina-Méndez, and Frost, 2015, Zootaxa, 4004: 1–72. See account by Duellman, 2015, Marsupial Frogs: 163–169.  Salazar-Zúñiga, Chaves-Acuña, Chaves, Acuña, Abarca-Odio, Lobón-Rovira, Gómez-Méndez, Gutiérrez-Vannucchi, and Bolaños, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (2: e215): 304–322, first record in Panama in 21 years. 

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