Stefania scalae Rivero, 1970

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hemiphractidae > Genus: Stefania > Species: Stefania scalae

Stefania scalae Rivero, 1970, Bol. Soc. Venezol. Cienc. Nat., 28: 456. Holotype: MCZ 64373, by original designation. Type locality: "the region of La Escalera, road between El Dorado and Sta. Elena de Uairén, around 1,200 m., Edo. Bolívar, Venezuela".

English Names

None noted.


Upland streams in the La Escalera region, Bolívar, Venezuela; possibly into adjacent Guyana and Brazil, 600 to 1360 m elevation. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Venezuela

Endemic: Venezuela


Removed from the synonymy of Stefania evansi by Señaris, Ayarzagüena, and Gorzula, 1997 "1996", Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 7: 37, where it had been placed by Duellman and Hoogmoed, 1984, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 75: 9. Duellman, 1997, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 2: 22, commented on a population in southeastern Venezuela (as Stefania evansi).  See comments by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 48. MacCulloch and Lathrop, 2002, Herpetologica, 58:342, discussed the species. MacCulloch and Lathrop, 2009, R. Ontario Mus. Contrib. Sci., 4: 13, commented on specimens from Mount Ayanganna, Guyana. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 398, for brief account and records for Guyana. Señaris, Lampo, Rojas-Runjaic, and Barrio-Amorós, 2014, Guía Ilust. Anf. Parque Nac. Canaima: 136–137, provided a photograph and a brief account for the Parque Nacional de Canaima, Venezuela. Kok, Russo, Ratz, Means, MacCulloch, Lathrop, Aubret, and Bossuyt, 2017, J. Biogeograph., 44: 170–181, noted several unnamed species covered by this species name. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 59, for comments on range and literature. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. 

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