Hemisus guttatus (Rapp, 1842)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hemisotidae > Genus: Hemisus > Species: Hemisus guttatus

Engystoma guttatum Rapp, 1842, Arch. Naturgesch., 8: 290. Type(s): Not designated. Type locality: "Natal" (= KwaZulu-Natal), Rep. South Africa.

Hemisus guttatumGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 47; Laurent, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 109.

Hemisus guttatusPeters, 1882, Naturwiss. Reise Mossambique, Zool. 3: 174; Laurent, 1972, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 194: 1–67.

English Names

Spotted Burrowing Frog (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 180; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 214).

Spotted Shovel-nosed Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 6; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 214).

Spotted Shovel-snouted Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16).

Spotted Pig-nosed Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16).

Spotted Shovelnose Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51).

Spotted Snout-burrower (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 122).


KwaZulu-Natal lowlands between Hluhluwe and Durban, Rep. South Africa; expected in adjacent Swaziland.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: South Africa

Likely/Controversially Present: Eswatini

Endemic: South Africa


See accounts by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 148–149, Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 122, Alexander, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 116–118, Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 71, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 218–219. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 238. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 177–178, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Phaka, Netherlands, Kruger, and Du Preez, 2017, Bilingual Field Guide Frogs Zululand: 35, provided a photograph, Zululand regional map, and a brief account of life history and identification. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 112–113, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.  

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