Boana calcarata (Troschel, 1848)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Boana > Species: Boana calcarata

Hyla calcarata Troschel, 1848, in Schomburgk (ed.), Reisen Britisch-Guiana, 3: 660. Type(s): Not designated and likely now lost (see Cystignathus schomburkii). Type locality: "Britisch-Guiana" (= Guyana).

Hypsiboas calcaratusCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 200; Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 86.

Hyla leptoscelis Boulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 2: 432. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.23.10 (formerly 1915.3.9.18) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 91. Type locality: "Lago do Iachy, above São Paolo Clinenca, Rio Solimoens, Brazil" [= Tachy, above São Paulo Olivença, Rio Solimoes, Amazonas, Brazil]. Synonymy by Duellman, 1973, Copeia, 1973: 522.

Boana calcarata — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

English Names

Troschel's Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 54).

Blue-flanked Treefrog (Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 166).

Convict Treefrog (Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 158).

Distribution

Below 700 m elevation in French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and the Amazon Basin of southern Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil, southeastern Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, elevations sea level to 650 m. 

Comment

In the Hyla geographica group of Duellman, 1973, Copeia, 1973: 522–523. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 137–139, provided a brief account including characterization of call and tadpole. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 26, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru as Hyla calcarataLescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 122–123, provided a brief account and photo. In the Hypsiboas albopunctatus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 86. Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 166-167, provided an account. Duellman, 2005, Cusco Amazonico: 204–205, provided an account (adult and larval morphology, description of the call, life history). Fouquet, Gilles, Vences, Marty, Blanc, and Gemmell, 2007, PLoS One, 10 (e1109): 1–10, provided molecular evidence that this is a species complex. See account for Suriname population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 134–135. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 403, for brief account and records for Guyana. Meza-Joya, Ramos-Pallares, and Hernández-Jaimes, 2019, Herpetol. Notes, 12: 391–400, provided molecular evidence for the presence of this species in Colombia. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 63, for comments on range, taxonomy, and literature. Vacher, Chave, Ficetola, Sommeria-Klein, Tao, Thébaud, Blanc, Camacho, Cassimiro, Colston, Dewynter, Ernst, Gaucher, Gomes, Jairam, Kok, Lima, Martinez, Marty, Noonan, Nunes, Ouboter, Recoder, Rodrigues, Snyder, Marques-Souza, and Fouquet, 2020, J. Biogeograph., 47: 1786, suggested that this nominal taxon contains at least two lineages, one in southeastern Peru to southern Amazonia. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. See brief account for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 158–159. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Camper, Torres-Carvajal, Ron, Nilsson, Arteaga-Navarro, Knowles, and Arbogast, 2021, Check List, 17: 729–751, provided a record from Wildsumaco Wildlife Sanctuary, Napo Province, Ecuador. Rainha, Martinez, Moraes, Castro, Réjaud, Fouquet, Leite, Rodrigues, and Werneck, 2021, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 134: 177–197, included this species in their Boana calcarata clade and discussed phylogenetics (including noting an unnamed lineage) and the influence of subtle environmental factors on geographic variation in morphology. 

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