Boana lanciformis (Cope, 1871)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Boana > Species: Boana lanciformis

Hypsiboas lanciformis Cope, 1871 "1870", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 11: 556. Type(s): Not stated, presumably ANSP or USNM, though not now known to exist. Type locality: "Pebas, Equador [sic]", Loreto, Peru.

Hyla lanciformisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 361.

Hyla microcentra Werner, 1921, Zool. Anz., 52: 180. Holotype: Not designated, although presumably NHMW or ZMB. Type locality: "Kolumbien". Synonymy by Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 189.

Hyla hypocellata Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 70. Holotype: MZUSP 236, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 67. Type locality: "Rio Juruá", Amazonas, Brazil; corrected to "Eirunepé, rio Juruá, Amazonas", Brazil, by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 52. Synonymy by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 52.

Hyla lanciformis lanciformisRivero, 1971, Caribb. J. Sci., 11: 4.

Hyla lanciformis guerreroi Rivero, 1971, Caribb. J. Sci., 11: 4. Holotype: UPRM 2635, by original designation. Type locality: "Guatapo, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela".

Hypsiboas lanciformisFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 86.

Boana lanciformis — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

English Names

Basin Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 56).

Rocket Treefrog (Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 166).


Amazon Basin (Brazil [Amazonas and Acre], Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Colombia) and in Venezuela in forests of the Coastal Range, the Venezuelan Guayana and the Amazon Basin; Amapá, Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela


See Trueb, 1977, Syst. Zool., 26: 165-184. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 150–152, provided a brief account including characterization of call and tadpole. Márquez, De la Riva, and Bosch, 1993, Biotropica, 25: 426–443, described the advertisement call. See comments regarding distribution of Venezuelan population by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 31 Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 30, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru as Hyla lanciformis. In the Hypsiboas albopunctatus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 86. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. Costa-Campos, Gama, Galeno, Silva, Corrêa, Almeida, and Santiago, 2014, Check List, 10: 960–961, provided a record for Amapa, Brazil, and provided a range map. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, reported on advertisement call, as Hyla lanciformisLynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2011, Caldasia, 33: 235–270, illustrated the tadpole and included the species in a key to the tadpoles of Amazonian Colombia. Acosta-Galvis, 2017, Biota Colomb., 18: 282–315, reported the species from the Municipality of Yopal, Casanare Department, Colombia. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 65, for comments on range, systematics, and literature. For identification of larvae (as Hyla lanciformis) in central Amazonia, Brazil, see Hero, 1990, Amazoniana, 11: 201–262. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. See brief account for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 166–167 (as Hypsiboas lanciformis). Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Camper, Torres-Carvajal, Ron, Nilsson, Arteaga-Navarro, Knowles, and Arbogast, 2021, Check List, 17: 729–751, provided a record from Wildsumaco Wildlife Sanctuary, Napo Province, Ecuador. Taucce, Costa-Campos, Carvalho, and Michalski, 2022, Eur. J. Taxon., 836: 96–130, reported on distribution, literature, and conservation status for Amapá, Brazil. Schiesari, Rossa-Feres, Menin, and Hödl, 2022, Zootaxa, 5223: 45–47, detailed larval and metamorph morphology and natural history. Dias-Souza, Gama, Melo, Rebêlo, and Costa-Campos, 2022, Herpetol. Notes, 15: 1–11, provided a record from Santana I., Amapá, Brazil. 

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