Boana pardalis (Spix, 1824)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Boana > Species: Boana pardalis

Hyla pardalis Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 34. Type(s): Not specifically designated, but including animal figured in pl. 8, fig. 3 of the original publcation; syntypes were ZSM 2499/0 (2 specimens), now lost, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 81, and Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 366, who noted that Peters, 1873 "1872", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 768-772, considered one specimen to be Hyla pardalis Spix and the other a specimen of Hyla crepitans (corrected to Hyla circumdata by Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 366). Type locality: "Provincia Rio de Janeiro", Brazil. Restricted to "Rio de Janeiro", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 58.

Hyla (Lophopus) corticalis Burmeister, 1856, Erläut. Fauna Brasil.: 95. Types: Frogs illustrated in Plate 30, figs. 7-12 in original publication, deposition of specimens unknown. Type locality: "Neu-Freiburg" (= Nova Friburgo), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 76.

Hyla corticalisGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 95.

Hypsiboas pardalisCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 200; Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 87.

Boana pardalis — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

English Names

Leopard Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 57).


Coastal São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Minas Gerais, and Espíritu Santo, north to southern Bahia, Brazil; possibly an isolated population in Goias (see comment)

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


See Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 26-29; Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 459-462; and Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 269-271. See comments under Hyla biobeba. Records from Misiones, Argentina, were referred to Osteocephalus langsdorffii by Carrizo, 1991 "1990", Cuad. Herpetol., 5: 32-39. In the Hypsiboas faber group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 87. Mattedi and Pontes, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 791-795, provided a range extension to the Muncipality of Sooretama, Espírito Santo, Brazil, corrected misidentifications, and  discussed and mapped the range including a possible record without detailed locality data from Goiás. Andrade, Carvalho, Martins, and Giaretta, 2017, Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ., 52: 157–167, reported on vocal repertoire and use this as evidence for placement in the Boana faber group. Pezzuti, Leite, Rossa-Feres, and Garcia, 2021, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 22 (Special Issue): 1–109, described and discussed larval morphology and natural history. Manzano, Takeno, and Sawaya, 2022, Zootaxa, 5178: 453–472, reported on the advertisement call.  

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