Dryophytes squirellus (Daudin, 1800)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Dryophytes > Species: Dryophytes squirellus

Hyla squirella Daudin, 1800, Hist. Nat. Quad. Ovip., Livr. 1: 9, pl. 5. Type(s): Not designated, although clearly including the animal figured in the original. Type locality: "La Caroline"; restricted to Charleston, South Carolina, USA, by Harper, 1940, Am. Midl. Nat., 23: 692–723, although this action is invalid due to not being based on disclosed evidence according to Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 344.

Calamita squirellaMerrem, 1820, Tent. Syst. Amph.: 171.

Hyla delitescens LeConte, 1825, Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. New York, 1: 281. Syntypes: Not designated; ANSP 1948–58, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 350. Type locality: "Georgia", USA. Synonymy by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: ix, 103.

Auletris squirellaWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201.

Dendrohyas squirellaTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 75.

Hyla flavigula Glass, 1946, Herpetologica, 3: 101. Holotype: TCWC 1192, by original designation. Type locality: "Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Aransas County, Texas", USA. Synonymy by Neill, 1949, Copeia, 1949: 78.

Hyla goini Auffenberg, 1956, Breviora, 52: 8. Holotype: MCZ 2227, fragment of right ilium, by original designation. Type locality: "Hawthorne Formation, Lower Miocene, Arikareean; Boulder Bar, Thomas Farm, Gilchrist County, Florida", USA. [Miocene fossil]. Provisional synonymy by Sanchíz, 1998, Handb. Palaeoherpetol., 4: 117.

Hyla (Epedaphus) squirella — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 344. 

Dryophytes squirellus — Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 23. 

English Names

Squirrel Tree-toad (De Kay, 1842, Zool. New York, 1(3): 72).

Squirrel Hyla (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 24).

Squirrel Frog (Davis and Rice, 1883, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., 1: 27).

Southern Tree Frog (Dickerson, 1906, The Frog Book: 148; Strecker, 1915, Baylor Univ. Bull., 18: 49; Wright, 1932, Life Hist. Frogs Okefinokee Swamp, 2: 14; Carr, 1940, Univ. Florida Biol. Sci. Ser., 3: 61).

Squirrel Tree Frog (Hay, 1892, Annu. Rep. Dept. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana for 1891: 466; Brimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 158; Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: x; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 73).

Oak Tree Frog (Viosca, 1949, Pop. Sci. Bull., Louisiana Acad. Sci., 1: 10).

Squirrel Treefrog (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 322; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 11; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 58; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 10; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 6; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 7; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 15; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 12; Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 13). 


Coastal Plain and Mississippi Valley of southeastern North America (southern Texas to southern Arkansas and southeastern Virginia) to Florida; introduced on Grand Bahama I., Bahama Is.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Alabama, United States of America - Arkansas, United States of America - Florida, United States of America - Georgia, United States of America - Louisiana, United States of America - Mississippi, United States of America - North Carolina, United States of America - South Carolina, United States of America - Texas, United States of America - Virginia

Endemic: United States of America

Introduced: Bahamas


Reviewed by Martof, 1975, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 168: 1–2. Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 179, discussed the introduced population on Grand Bahama Island. In the Hyla cinerea group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 102. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 83, commented on the introduced Bahama population. Fulmer and Connior, 2013, Herpetol. Rev., 44: 620–621, provided a record for Union County, Arkansas, USA. Mitchell and Lannoo, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 456–458, and Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1: 288–294, provided accounts that summarized the relevant literature. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 56–59, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 198–199, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90, suggested that this species is the sister taxon of all other North American Hyla + the Hyla japonica group. See account of biology and life history in southern Florida by Meshaka and Lane, 2015, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 10 (Monogr. 5): 56–60. Bassett, 2023, Reptiles & Amphibians, 30(e18486): 1–18, provided an updated county distribution map for Texas, USA.

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