Exerodonta smaragdina (Taylor, 1940)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Exerodonta > Species: Exerodonta smaragdina

Hyla smaragdina Taylor, 1940, Copeia, 1940: 18. Holotype: EHT-HMS 17534, by original designation; now FMNH 100009 according to Marx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 53. Type locality: "on a mountain side rising from eastern end of Lake Chapala, 6 km. east of Cojumatlán, Michoacán", Mexico.

Hylella azteca Taylor, 1943, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 56: 49. Holotype: EHT-HMS 17525, by original designation; now UIMNH 25044 according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 102. Type locality: "Tepoztlan, Morelos", Mexico. Synonymy by Duellman, 1961, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 15: 51.

Exerodonta smaragdinaFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 101.

English Names

Emerald Treefrog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 23; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 58; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 13).


Western Mexico, roughly below 2000 m in mesic habitats from northeastern Sinaloa to the states of Jalisco, México, Morelos, and Puebla, as well as on either sides of the Balsas Depression in the state of Guerrero; expected in adjacent Oaxaca. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico

Endemic: Mexico


See account by Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 413-416. In the Exerodonta sumichrasti group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 101. Faivovich, Pereyra, Luna, Hertz, Blotto, Vásquez-Almazán, McCranie, Sánchez, Baêta, Araujo-Vieira, Köhler, Kubicki, Campbell, Frost, Wheeler, and Haddad, 2018, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 13: 6, noted that the sequence divergence of this species from Exerodonta chimalapa and Exerodonta xera is less than 1%, implying that the morphological differences need to be reevaluated. Palacios-Aguilar, Jiménez-Martínez, and Flores-Villela, 2018, Rev. Mexicana Biodiversidad, 89: 306–309, discussed and mapped the range in southern and southwestern Mexico, and provided new records for the state of Guerrero. Ahumada-Carrillo and Galindo, 2021, Rev. Latinoam. Herpetol., 4: 202, provided a record from the municipality of Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. Castro-Bastidas, 2022, Rev. Latinoam. Herpetol., 5: 15–19, provided a record from the municipality of Badiraguato, northeastern Sinaloa, Mexico, and a dot map of the species. Loc-Barragán, Smith, Woolrich-Piña, and Lemos-Espinal, 2024, Herpetozoa, Wien, 37: 30, reported on the distributional and conservation status in the state of Nayarit, Mexico.  

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