Osteopilus ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Osteopilus > Species: Osteopilus ocellatus

Rana ocellata Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1: 211. Syntypes: Including animal figured by "Brown. Jam. 466. t. 41. f. 4." (= Browne, 1756, Civil and Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 211) (as Rana maxima compressa miscella), and other secondary syntypes of Pisonis, 1658, India Utriusque Nat. Med. Lib.(as Curruru), Catesby, 1754, Nat. Hist. Carolina Florida Bahama Is. (as Rana terrestris), and Linnaeus, 1748, Syst. Nat., Ed. 6 (as Rana dorso pullifero). All specimens now lost. Lectotype designated by Lavilla, Langone, Caramaschi, Heyer, and de Sá, 2010, Zootaxa, 2346: 4, as specimen figured by Browne (1756). Neotype designated as USNM 251390 by Lavilla, Langone, Caramaschi, Heyer, and de Sá, 2010, Zootaxa, 2346: 4. Type locality: "America"l restricted to Jamaica by lectotype designation. Neotype from "Jamaica, Hanover Parish, 1.7 miles SSE of Hopewell".

Hyla brunnea Gosse, 1851, A Naturalist’s Sojourn in Jamaica: 361. Type(s): Not stated but possibly in the BMNH. Type locality: "Savanna-la-Mar", Westmoreland Parish, Jamaica.

Trachycephalus scutigerus Cope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 45. Holotype: USNM 6267, according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 81; given as USNM 6268 and now lost by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 151. Type locality: "Jamaica". Synonymy by Dunn, 1926, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 38: 125.

Hyla septentrionalis brunneaBarbour, 1937, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 82: 81.

Hyla dominicensis brunneaMittleman, 1950, Herpetologica, 6: 26.

Osteopilus brunneusTrueb and Tyler, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 24: 36.

Osteopilus ocellatus — Lavilla, Langone, Caramaschi, Heyer, and de Sá, 2010, Zootaxa, 2346: 4.

English Names

Savanna-la-Mar Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 61).

Brown Tree-frog (Gosse, 1851, A Naturalist’s Sojourn in Jamaica: 360).

Jamaican Laughing Treefrog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 13). 


Jamaica, from sea level to ca. 1500 m elevation. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Jamaica

Endemic: Jamaica


 Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 85, summarized the natural history literature, as Osteopilus brunneus.

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