Osteopilus vastus (Cope, 1871)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Osteopilus > Species: Osteopilus vastus

Hyla vasta Cope, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 23: 219. Holotype: ANSP 2097, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 353. Type locality: "Near the city of Santo Domingo [República Dominicana,] W[est]. I[ndies]."

Osteopilus vastusHenderson and Powell, 2003, In Henderson and Powell (eds.), Islands and the Sea: 17; Powell and Henderson, 2003, Herpetol. Rev., 34: 342.

English Names

Hispaniola Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 58).

Hispaniola Giant Treefrog (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 265; Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 13). 


Hispaniola, disjunct populations found island-wide, sea level to 1700 m elevation. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Dominican Republic, Haiti


See Trueb and Tyler, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 24: 1-60, for account (as Hyla vasta). See comments by Powell and Henderson, 2003, Herpetol. Rev., 34: 342, regarding transfer from Hyla to Osteopilus. See account by Henderson and Henderson, 2004, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 786: 1-3. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 265. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 89, summarized the natural history literature. Galvis-Peñuela, Sánchez-Pacheco, Ospina-Sarria, Anganoy-Criollo, Gil, and Rada, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9: 154–169, described larval ontogeny and external morphology. Díaz, Incháustegui, Marte, and Chong, 2015, Novit. Caribaea, Santo Domingo, 8: 1–29, reported on larval morphology. Ríos-López, 2023, In Rios-Lopez and Heatwole (eds.), Conserv. Biogeograph. Amph. Caribb.: 218–262, discussed conservation status and suggested that the understanding of the range requires corroboration.  

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