Plectrohyla guatemalensis Brocchi, 1877

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Plectrohyla > Species: Plectrohyla guatemalensis

Plectrohyla guatemalensis Brocchi, 1877, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 7, 1: 92. Syntypes: MNHNP 6332 (2 specimens), according to Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 119; Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 24. Type locality: "Pacicilla [= Patzicia, Departamento Chimaltenango] (Guatemala)".

Cauphias guatemalensisBrocchi, 1877, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 7, 1: 129.

Hyla guatemalensisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 396.

Plectrohyla guatemalensisBumzahem and Smith, 1954, Herpetologica, 10: 61.

English Names

Guatemala Spikethumb Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 25; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 62; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 20).


Humid pine-oak forest and cloud forest in the highlands of the Sierra Madre from southeastern Chiapas, Mexico, eastward through the central and southwestern highlands of Guatemala to northwestern El Salvador, the Sierra de Nombre de Dios in north-central Honduras, and the moutains of central Matagalpa Department, Nicaragua, 900 to 2800 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua


Possibly this nominal species conceals additional unrecognized taxa, according to Duellman and Campbell, 1992, Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 181: 8. See comment under Plectrohyla psiloderma. See account (as including Plectrohyla acanthodes, Plectrohyla teuchestes, and Plectrohyla psiloderma) by Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 580-583; see also accounts by Duellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 1067-1070, and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 298–302, who noted previous misidentifications and possibility of not-so-cryptic species. In the Plectrohyla guatemalensis group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 105. Köhler, Veselý, and Greenbaum, 2005 "2006", Amph. Rept. El Salvador: 41–42, provided an account (for El Salvador) and a color photograph. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 38, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. See illustration, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 270. Urbina-Cardona and Loyola, 2008, Tropical Conserv. Sci., 1: 417–445, modeled the distribution. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 246–255, provided a brief summary of natural history for the species of Plectrohyla in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species. Morán-Hidalgo and Ruballo-Marroquín, 2012, Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop., 2: 126–130, provided a record for the Departamento de Chalatenango, El Salvador. McCranie, 2017, Mesoam. Herpetol., 4: 399, provided a dot map for the species in Honduras. Señaris and Sunyer, 2024, Check List, 20: 721–727, reported specimens from Matagalpa Department, Nicaragua. 

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