Plectrohyla Brocchi, 1877

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Plectrohyla
19 species

Plectrohyla Brocchi, 1877, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 7, 1: 92. Type species: Plectrohyla guatemalensis Brocchi, 1877, by original designation.

Cauphias Brocchi, 1877, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 7, 1: 129. Replacement name for Plectrohyla Brocchi, 1877.

English Names

Spikethumb Frogs (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 25; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 62; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 19).


Northern Central American highlands from Chiapas, Mexico, eastward through Guatemala and northern El Salvador to central and northern Honduras; undetermined larvae and subadult from Cerro Saslaya, north-central Nicaragua.


For review of genus and phylogenetics see Duellman and Campbell, 1992, Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 181: 1–31. Wilson, McCranie, and Cruz-Díaz, 1994, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 107: 67–78, discussed the phylogeny of the genus as did Duellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 1045–1048. Keys to, accounts of, and discussions of phylogenetics of the species in Honduras provided by McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 285–311.In the Hylini of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 89. Wiens, Fetzner, Parkinson, and Reeder, 2005, Syst. Biol., 54: 25, considered Plectrohyla to be part of their enlarged Hyla.

Contained taxa (19 sp.):

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