Scinax garbei (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Scinax > Species: Scinax garbei

Garbeana garbei Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 96. Holotype: MZUSP 277, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 59. Type locality: "Rio Juruá", Amazonas, Brazil. Given as "rio Juruá, Eirunepé, Amazonas", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 41.

Hyla lutzi Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 36. Syntypes: NHMG 481 (2 specimens), according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 59. Type locality: "vicinity of Manáos", Amazonas, Brazil, and "Rio Uaupes (some days' journey north of Ipanoré)", Brazil. Synonymy by Duellman, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 536.

Hyla (Garbeana) garbeiLutz and Kloss, 1952, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 50: 648.

Osteocephalus garbeiGoin, 1961, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 36: 13.

Hyla garbeiDuellman, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 536.

Hyla epacrorhina Duellman, 1972, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 47: 182. Holotype: KU 139247, by original designation. Type locality: "Pilcopata, Departamento Cuzco, Perú, 13° 05′ S, 71° 12′ W, elevation 750 m." Synonymy by Duellman and Wiens, 1993, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 153: 16–18.

Ololygon epachrorhinaFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 393. Misspelling of species name.

Ololygon garbeiFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 393.

Scinax epacrorhinaDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 22.

Scinax garbeiDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 22.

English Names

Eirunepe Snouted Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).


Middle and upper Amazon Basin in Venezuela (Caño Iguapo, Upper Orinoco, Amazonas state), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. See comment. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela


See Duellman, 1972, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 47: 185–186, for discussion. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 144–146, provided a brief account including characterization of call and tadpole. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, reported on vocalization. See De la Riva, Márquez, and Bosch, 1994, Bijdr. Dierkd., 64: 75–85, for advertisement call. In the Scinax ruber clade, Scinax rostratus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96–97. See account by Duellman and Wiens, 1993, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 153: 16–18 Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 49–50, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 36, commented on the Venezuelan distribution. Duellman, 2005, Cusco Amazonico: 238–240, provided an account (adult and larval morphology, description of the call, life history). Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. Lynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2011, Caldasia, 33: 235–270, illustrated the tadpole and included the species in a key to the tadpoles of Amazonian Colombia. Silva e Silva and Costa-Campos, 2014, Check List, 10:  448–449, discussed the range and provided a record for the state of Amapá, Brazil. Nogueira, Zanoni, Solé, Affonso, Siqueira, and Sampaio, 2015, Genet. Mol. Biol., 38: 156–161, reported on karyology. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 84–85, for comments on range and literature. For identification of larvae (as Hyla garbei) in central Amazonia, Brazil, see Hero, 1990, Amazoniana, 11: 201–262. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. Lopes, Bang, Marinho, and Giaretta, 2020, Phyllomedusa, 19: 63–82, noted that the species exhibited three, geographically coherent, advertisement calls, imperfectly delimited as: (1) Brazil (eastern Amazonas to northern Mato Grosso); (2) Northwestern (northeastern Ecuador, northeastern Peru, and Amazonian Colombia); and (3) Southwestern (southeastern Amazonian Peru to northeastern Bolivia). See brief account for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 196–197. Ron, Duellman, Caminer, and Pazmiño, 2018, PLoS One, 13 (9: e0203169): 5, discovered that this nominal species was paraphyletic in their molecular analysis with respect to Scinax proboscideus, and suggested that Scinax garbei is composed of more than one lineage. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Taucce, Costa-Campos, Carvalho, and Michalski, 2022, Eur. J. Taxon., 836: 114, discussed the likelihood that records from Amapá, Brazil, are referrable to Scinax jolyiSchiesari, Rossa-Feres, Menin, and Hödl, 2022, Zootaxa, 5223: 71–72, detailed larval morphology and natural history. Dias-Souza, Gama, Melo, Rebêlo, and Costa-Campos, 2022, Herpetol. Notes, 15: 1–11, provided a record from Santana I., Amapá, Brazil. In the Scinax rostratus group of Araujo-Vieira, Lourenço, Lacerda, Lyra, Blotto, Ron, Baldo, Pereyra, Suárez-Mayorga, Baêta, Ferreira, Barrio-Amorós, Borteiro, Brandão, Brasileiro, Donnelly, Dubeux, Köhler, Kolenc, Leite, Maciel, Nunes, Orrico, Peloso, Pezzuti, Reichle, Rojas-Runjaic, Silva, Sturaro, Langone, Garcia, Rodrigues, Frost, Wheeler, Grant, Pombal, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2023, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 27 (Special Issue): 76 (see comment under Hylinae).

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