Scinax rostratus (Peters, 1863)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Scinax > Species: Scinax rostratus

Hyla rostrata Peters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 466. Holotype: ZMB 3175, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 96, and Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 42. Type locality: "Caracas", Venezuela.

Hyla foliamorta Fouquette, 1958, Herpetologica, 14: 125. Holotype: TNHC 23109, by original designation. Type locality: "7 miles northwest of Miraflores Locks, Canal Zone, on the west bank of the Gaillard Cut . . . . in cane grass growing along a roadside ditch adjacent to Empire Firing Range", Panama. Synonymy by Rivero, 1968, Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 6: 133.

Ololygon rostrataFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 392.

Scinax rostrataDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 23.

Scinax rostratusKöhler and Böhme, 1996, Rev. Fr. Aquar. Herpetol., 23: 139.

English Names

Caracas Snouted Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).


Lowlands from central Panama to the eastern lowlands of San Blas, through to Colombia in the Magdalena Valley; Llanos of eastern Colombia through to southern and northern lowlands of Venezuela and east through northern Guyana to northwestern Suriname; a seemingly isolated population in east-central to central (municipalities of Aveiro and Vitória do Xingu), Pará, Brazil. 


For discussion see Duellman, 1972, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 47: 187–190, and Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 204–207, and note by Duellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 854–855. In the Scinax ruber clade, Scinax rostratus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96–97. Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 41, commented on the distribution in Venezuela. Lynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2011, Caldasia, 33: 235–270, illustrated the tadpole and included the species in a key to the tadpoles of Amazonian Colombia. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 262–264, provided a brief summary of natural history and identification key for the species of Scinax in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species. Señaris, Lampo, Rojas-Runjaic, and Barrio-Amorós, 2014, Guía Ilust. Anf. Parque Nac. Canaima: 184–185, provided a photograph and a brief account for the Parque Nacional de Canaima, Venezuela. Armesto, Acevedo-Rincón, and Martinez Cuesta, 2018, Herpetol. Rev., 49: 283, provided a record from the state of Norte de Santander, Colombia, and discussed the range. Ovalle-Pacheco, Camacho-Rozo, and Arroyo, 2019, Check List, 15: 393–394, reported the species from Boyacá, Colombia, and commented on the range in Colombia. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 87, for comments on range, systematics, and literature. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. Lopes and Giaretta, 2022, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 22 (e202262036): 1–8, transferred the Roraima, Brazil, record to Scinax kennedyi, and provided an extensive discussion of the advertisement calls of the two species as well as discussing their comparative morphology.   

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