Scinax similis (Cochran, 1952)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Scinax > Species: Scinax similis

Hyla similis Cochran, 1952, J. Washington Acad. Sci., 42: 50. Holotype: USNM 97317, by original designation. Type locality: "Manguinhos near the city of Rio de Janeiro", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Hyla x-signata similisLutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 145.

Ololygon similisFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 392.

Scinax similisDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 23.

English Names

Cochran's Snouted Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).


Coastal region of Rio de Janeiro and São Paul into Espírito Santo, Brazil; reported from Itapúa and Misiones, Paraguay; similar frogs in Goias and D.F. (see comment). 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, Paraguay


In the Scinax ruber clade of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96. Alves and Carvalho-e-Silva, 1999, Rev. Brasil. Zool., 16: 507-512, provided a morphological comparison of larvae of Scinax similis and Scinax ruber. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 60, provided a brief account and photo. Rödder, Guarnirei, and Teixeira, 2006, Herpetol. Rev., 37: 489-490, provided the record for Espírito Santo. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 12, provided a Paraguayan locality. Rossa-Feres and Nomura, 2006 "2005", Biota Neotrop., São Paulo, 6 (2: bn00706012006): 1–24, characterized larval morphology of this species and provided a key to the larvae of northwestern São Paulo state, Brazil. Bilate and Lack, 2011, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 6: 54–58, reported on the advertisement call. Weiler, Núñez, Airaldi, Lavilla, Peris, and Baldo, 2013, Anf. Paraguay: 79, provided a brief account, image, and dot map for Paraguay. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 89, provided an account for Scinax aff. similis. In the Scinax nasicus group of Araujo-Vieira, Lourenço, Lacerda, Lyra, Blotto, Ron, Baldo, Pereyra, Suárez-Mayorga, Baêta, Ferreira, Barrio-Amorós, Borteiro, Brandão, Brasileiro, Donnelly, Dubeux, Köhler, Kolenc, Leite, Maciel, Nunes, Orrico, Peloso, Pezzuti, Reichle, Rojas-Runjaic, Silva, Sturaro, Langone, Garcia, Rodrigues, Frost, Wheeler, Grant, Pombal, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2023, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 27 (Special Issue): 119 (see comment under Hylinae). Santos, Feio, and Nomura, 2023, Biota Neotrop., 23 (3:e20231486): 1–43, characterized tadpole morphology as part of an identification key to the tadpoles of the Brazilian Cerrado. 

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