Triprion spinosus (Steindachner, 1864)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Triprion > Species: Triprion spinosus

Hyla spinosa Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 239. Holotype: NHMW 16101, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 6, and Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 19, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 24. Type locality: "Brasilien".

Gastrotheca coronata Stejneger, 1911, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 41: 287. Holotype: USNM 48279, by original designation. Type locality: "Palomo, Valle de Orosi, [Cantón de Paraíso, Provincia] Cartago, Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 101, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Duellman, 1968, Herpetologica, 24: 195.

Nototrema coronatumNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 324.

Anotheca coronataSmith, 1939, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 52: 190.

Anotheca spinosaDuellman, 1968, Herpetologica, 24: 195.

Triprion spinosus — Faivovich, Pereyra, Luna, Hertz, Blotto, Vásquez-Almazán, McCranie, Sánchez, Baêta, Araujo-Vieira, Köhler, Kubicki, Campbell, Frost, Wheeler, and Haddad, 2018, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 13: 11. 

English Names

Crowned Hyla (Smith, 1945, Ward’s Nat. Sci. Bull., 1: 3).

Spine-headed Tree Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 52).

Spinyhead Treefrog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 16)

Spiny-headed Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 52).

Coronated Treefrog (Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 7).


Disjunctly in humid forests, primarily in the premontane zone, in eastern Mexico (Tabasco, Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca, and Chiapas, 800–2068 m), Guatemala, northeastern Honduras (95 m), Atlantic versant Costa Rica and western Panama, and from southwestern Costa Rica to west-central Panama on the Pacific slopes (350–1330 m elevation).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama


For discussion see Duellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 145–150, and Savage and Heyer, 1969, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 16: 1–127. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species (as Anotheca spinosa) in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See accounts by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 295, and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras 241–247. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 37, detailed the departmental distribution in Honduras. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 615. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 212–213, provided a brief summary of natural history, compared with with other species in Central America and provided a range map and photograph. Luría-Manzano, Aguilar-López, Canseco-Márquez, and Gutiérrez-Mayén, 2014, Rev. Mexicana Biodiversidad, 85: 1286–1288, provided a record for southeastern Puebla, Mexico. Torrez-Pérez and Barragán-Vazquez, 2017, Herpetol. Rev., 48: 118, provided a record from Tabasco, Mexico. Sosa Bartuano, 2018, Rev. Latinoam. Herpetol., 1: 54, provided a record from Chagres National Park, District of Colón, Panamá.  McCranie, Sunyer, and Martínez-Fonseca, 2019, Rev. Nicaraguense Biodiversidad, 52: 29, suggested the species would be found in southeastern Nicaragua.

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