Scinax fuscovarius (Lutz, 1925)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Scinaxinae > Genus: Scinax > Species: Scinax fuscovarius

Hyla fuscovaria Lutz, 1925, C. R. Mém. Hebd. Séances Soc. Biol. Filial., Paris, 93 (1925, vol. 2): 212. Syntypes: Not stated, although presumably originally IOC; now AL-MNRJ 76 (according to  Duellman, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 162), USNM 96988, 96992–94, 97001–05 (according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 54), MCZ 15851–52 (on exchange from IOC, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 122 [although  Duellman, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 162, only noted 15851 as a sntype). Type locality: "Agua Branca [= Agua Limpa, Juiz de Fora] (Minas [Gerais])", Brazil. USNM 97001–05 from "Lasance, Minas Gerais, Brazil" according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 54, rendering the status of these specimens questionable.

Hyla megapodia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: pl. V. (Description by indication). Type(s): Not stated but animal figured on pl. 5 of the original is the holotype; MNRJ 223 (2 specimens), MCZ 15668 (on exchange from MNRJ, regarded as syntypes by Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 123). MNRJ 229A designated lectotype by Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 411. Type locality: Not stated; Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937, O Campo, 8: 67, noted the type localities as "[São Luis de] Caceres (Rio Paraguay) e Porto Esperidião (Rio Jauru)", Mato Grosso, Brazil. Type locality given as "Cáceres (= São Luiz de Cáceres), Mato Grosso", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 55. Synonymy by Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 127; Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96.

Hyla trachythorax Müller and Hellmich, 1936, Wissenschaft. Ergebn. Deutschen Gran Chaco Exped., Amph. Rept.: 77. Syntypes: ZSM 156/1933 (2 specimens, lost), ZSM 152/1933 (2 specimens, lost), and ZSM 153/1933 (7 specimens) according to Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 169. Type localities: "Apa-Bergland (San Luis)", "Apa-Bergland, Centurion (San Luis)", Paraguay. Synonymy by Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 127; Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 487; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 74; Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96.

Ololygon fuscovariaFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 392; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 74.

Ololygon megapodiaFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 392.

Ololygon trachythoraxFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 392.

Ololygon fuscovariumLaurent and Teran, 1981, Fund. Miguel Lillo, Misc., 71: 10. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Scinax fuscovariaDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 22.

Scinax trachythoraxDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 23.

Scinax fuscovariusKöhler and Böhme, 1996, Rev. Fr. Aquar. Herpetol., 23: 139.

English Names

Snouted Treefrog (Scinax fuscovarius: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).

Fuscous-blotched Treefrog (Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 65).

Miranda's Snouted Treefrog (Scinax megapodius [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).

San Luis Snouted Treefrog (Scinax trachythorax [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).

Distribution

Southeastern Brazil from Alagoas south, northern Argentina, Paraguay, and Bolivia, 150-1800 m elevation.

Comment

See Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 127, for discussion. See also Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 487–488. See De la Riva, Márquez, and Bosch, 1994, Bijdr. Dierkd., 64: 75–85, for advertisement call. Pombal, Bastos, and Haddad, 1995, Naturalia, São Paulo, 20: 213–225, reported on the advertisement call. Formerly in the Scinax ruber group; this group rejected as nonmonophyletic by Faivovich, 2002, Cladistics, 18: 367–393. In the Scinax ruber clade of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96. See comment under Scinax megapodius. See Arrieta and Maneyro, 1999, Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay, Ser. 2, 10: 15–19, for Uruguay record. See comment under Scinax trachythorax. Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 106–108, provided a brief account. Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 45, provided a brief account and photograph for the Uruguay population. Baldo and Rosset, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 335, and Baldo and Rosset, 2006, Herpetol. Rev., 37: 103–104, provided new records for Catamarca Province, Argentina, and briefly discussed the range in Argentina. Canelas and Bertoluci, 2007, Iheringia, Zool., 97: 21–26, provided a record for the Serra do Caraça, southern end of the Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 11, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 65–66, provided a photograph and brief account. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 102–103, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 44–46, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva. Neves, Yves, Pereira Silva, Alves, Vasques, Coelho, and Silva, 2019, Herpetozoa, Wien, 32: 113–123, provided habitat information and a record for western Minas Gerais, Brazil. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. Rossa-Feres and Nomura, 2006 "2005", Biota Neotrop., São Paulo, 6 (2: bn00706012006): 1–24, characterized larval morphology of this species and provided a key to the larvae of northwestern São Paulo state, Brazil. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 94, provided an account. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1–292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Alves-Ferreira, Paixão, and Nomura, 2021, Biota Neotrop., 21 (4: e20201178): 1–11, reported on larval morphology in Goias, Brazil. Reported from the Environmental Protection Area of Catolé and Fernão Velho, Alagoas, Brazil, by Dubeux, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2021, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 61 (e20216176): 1–10, who provided a key to the frogs of that region.     

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