Scinax garbei (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Scinaxinae > Genus: Scinax > Species: Scinax garbei

Garbeana garbei Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 96. Holotype: MZUSP 277, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 59. Type locality: "Rio Juruá", Amazonas, Brazil. Given as "rio Juruá, Eirunepé, Amazonas", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 41.

Hyla lutzi Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 36. Syntypes: NHMG 481 (2 specimens), according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 59. Type locality: "vicinity of Manáos", Amazonas, Brazil, and "Rio Uaupes (some days' journey north of Ipanoré)", Brazil. Synonymy by Duellman, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 536.

Hyla (Garbeana) garbeiLutz and Kloss, 1952, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 50: 648.

Osteocephalus garbeiGoin, 1961, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 36: 13.

Hyla garbeiDuellman, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 536.

Hyla epacrorhina Duellman, 1972, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 47: 182. Holotype: KU 139247, by original designation. Type locality: "Pilcopata, Departamento Cuzco, Perú, 13° 05′ S, 71° 12′ W, elevation 750 m." Synonymy by Duellman and Wiens, 1993, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 153: 16–18.

Ololygon epachrorhinaFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 393. Misspelling of species name.

Ololygon garbeiFouquette and Delahoussaye, 1977, J. Herpetol., 11: 393.

Scinax epacrorhinaDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 22.

Scinax garbeiDuellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 22.

English Names

Eirunepe Snouted Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 64).


Middle and upper Amazon Basin in Venezuela (Caño Iguapo, Upper Orinoco, Amazonas state), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. See comment. 


See Duellman, 1972, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 47: 185-186, for discussion. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 144–146, provided a brief account including characterization of call and tadpole. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, reported on vocalization. See De la Riva, Márquez, and Bosch, 1994, Bijdr. Dierkd., 64: 75–85, for advertisement call. In the Scinax ruber clade, Scinax rostratus group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 96–97. See account by Duellman and Wiens, 1993, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 153: 16–18 Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 49–50, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 36, commented on the Venezuelan distribution. Duellman, 2005, Cusco Amazonico: 238–240, provided an account (adult and larval morphology, description of the call, life history). Silva e Silva and Costa-Campos, 2014, Check List, 10:  448–449, discussed the range and provided a record for the state of Amapá, Brazil. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 84–85, for comments on range and literature. For identification of larvae (as Hyla garbei) in central Amazonia, Brazil, see Hero, 1990, Amazoniana, 11: 201–262. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. Lopes, Bang, Marinho, and Giaretta, 2020, Phyllomedusa, 19: 63–82, noted that the species exhibited three, geographically coherent, advertisement calls, imperfectly delimited as: (1) Brazil (eastern Amazonas to northern Mato Grosso); (2) Northwestern (northeastern Ecuador, northeastern Peru, and Amazonian Colombia); and (3) Southwestern (southeastern Amazonian Peru to northeastern Bolivia). See brief account for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 196–197. Ron, Duellman, Caminer, and Pazmiño, 2018, PLoS One, 13 (9: e0203169): 5, discovered that this nominal species was paraphyletic in their molecular analysis with respect to Scinax proboscideus, and suggested that Scinax garbei is composed of more than one lineage. 

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