Crossodactylus gaudichaudii Duméril and Bibron, 1841

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylodidae > Genus: Crossodactylus > Species: Crossodactylus gaudichaudii

Crossodactylus gaudichaudii Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 635. Syntypes: MNHNP 746 (2 specimens), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 30. Type locality: "Brésil"; according to Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 30, the types were "muito provàvelmente obtidos no Rio de Janeiro" (= very probably obtained in the city of Rio de Janeiro), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Limnocharis fuscus Bell, 1843, Zool. Voyage Beagle, Part 5: 33. Holotype: BMNH, according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 249, this being 1947.2.17.55 (originally number 1845.5.25.8) according to museum records. Type locality: "in brooks at Rio de Janeiro", Brazil. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 249 (tentative); and by Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 490.

Elosia vomerina Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 423. Syntypes: Not stated, but including USNM 15481-82 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 48. Type locality: "Rio de Janeiro, Brazil". Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 248-250.

Phyllobates fuscigula Fitzinger, 1861 "1860", Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 42: 414. Nomen nudum. Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus.,: 246. See comment under Crossodactylus fuscigula in the synonymy of Crossodactylus dispar

Phyllobates gaudichaudiiCope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 96, by implication.

Leptodactylus gaudichaudii — Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 249.

Grossodactylus vomerinusMiranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 34. Typographic error.

Crossodactylus aeneus Müller, 1924, Senckenb. Biol., 6: 171. Holotype: ZSM 2/1924, now lost according to Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 171. Type locality: "Barreira (Wasserstation der Bahn nach Therezopolis in 500 m Höhe am Südosthang der Serra dos Orgaes [= Órgãos]), Staat Rio de Janeiro", Brazil. Synonymy by Vittorazzi, Lourenço, Zattera, Weber, Recco-Pimentel, and Bruschi, 2021, Genet. Mol. Biol., 44 (2: e20200301): 1. 

Phyllobates brasiliensis De Witte, 1930, in Massart (ed.), Miss. Biol. Belge Brésil, 2: 217. Syntypes: IRSNB 1.021 (2 specimens) according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 10. Type locality: "Cachoeiras (Etat de Rio de Janeiro)", Brazil. Synonymy by Lutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 24: 216.

Crossodactylus gaudichaudiiCochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 248.

English Names

Gaudichaud's Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 92).

Brazilian Spinythumb Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 71).

Muller's Spinythumb Frog (Crossodactylus aenus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 71).

Distribution

Southeastern Brazil.

Comment

See accounts by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 246–246 (as Crossodactylus aeneus), 248-252 (as Crossodactylus gaudichaudii), and Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 291. In the Crossodactylus gaudichaudii group of Caramaschi and Sazima, 1985, Rev. Brasil. Zool., 3: 43-49 (as both Crossodactylus aenus and Crossodactylus gaudichaudi). Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 71, provided a brief account and photo. R. Montesinos in Ferreira, Mônico, Silva, Lirio, Zocca, Mageski, Tonini, Beard, Duca, and Silva-Soares, 2019, ZooKeys, 857: 152, noted an unnamed species, "Crossodactylus aff. gaudichaudii" in the region of Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, Brazil. Silva-Soares, Nogueira-Costa, Borges, Weber, and Rocha, 2015, Herpetologica, 71: 46–57, reported on larval morphology and ecology, as Crossodactylus aenus.  Santos-Pereira, Pombal, and Rocha, 2018, Biota Neotrop., 18 (3: e20170322): 1–19, suggested that isolated records from Paraná, Brazil, require confirmation. Vittorazzi, Lourenço, Zattera, Weber, Recco-Pimentel, and Bruschi, 2021, Genet. Mol. Biol., 44 (2: e20200301): 1–9, reported on molecular markers and cytogenetics and placed Crossodactylus aeneus into the synonymy of Crossodactylus gaudichaudii. Larval morphology and anatomy discussed by Dias, Vera Candioti, Sabbag, Colaço, Silva, Haddad, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Grant, 2021, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 59: 1297–1321.

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