Afrixalus dorsalis (Peters, 1875)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Subfamily: Hyperoliinae > Genus: Afrixalus > Species: Afrixalus dorsalis

Hyperolius dorsalis Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 206. Syntypes: Including ZMB 4488 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 44. Type locality: "Boutry [mouth of River Butre, Ghana]" and "Victoria in einem Wassertümpel", Cameroon; restricted to "Boutry" by Mertens, 1938, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 442: 24.

Megalixalus dorsalisParker, 1931 "1930", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1930: 900; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 439.

Afrixalus dorsalisGuibé, 1948, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 20: 500, by implication.

Afrixalus dorsalis dorsalisLaurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 24.

Afrixalus dorsalis regularis Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 25. Holotype: MNHNP 96.575, by original designation. Type locality: "Lambarené s/Ogoué, Gabon". Distinctiveness from Afrixalus dorsalis dorsalis rejected by Rödel, 2000, Herpetofauna W. Afr., 1: 246.

Afrixalus dorsalis laciniosus Perret, 1960, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 61: 369. Holotype: MHNG 1035.39 according to Schätti, Perret, and Mariaux, 2002, Cat. Comm. Types Amph. Rept. Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve, Vers. 4.0 (Jan. 2002): 4. Type locality: "Douala, Cameroun".

English Names

Cameroon Banana Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 70).

Brown Banana Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 65).

Striped Spiny Reed Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 136).


Brushland habitats in Ginea and eastern Sierra Leone through coastal Cameroon to extreme northern coastal Angola; apparently absent from Benin.


See accounts by Inger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 131, Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 47–48, and Amiet, 2009, Rev. Suisse Zool., 116: 65–68. See comment under Afrixalus fulvovittautus. Rödel, 2000, Herpetofauna W. Afr., 1: 242–246, provided an account and discussed the three subspecies. See also account by Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 136–137. Frétey and Blanc, 2002 "2001", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 382, reported this species from Gabon. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 51–54, provided records for Nigeria and discussed the taxon. Segniagbeto, Bowessidjaou, Dubois, and Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 24: 76, commented on the presence of this species in Togo. See account by Amiet, 2009, Rev. Suisse Zool., 116: 53–92. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 69-75. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 187, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Jongsma, Tobi, Dixon-MacCallum, Bamba-Kaya, Yoga, Mbega, Mve Beh, Emrich, and Blackburn, 2017, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 11 (1: e144): 10, provided a record for southeastern Gabon and briefly discussed habitat and range. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 85, provided a map for Angola and a brief account, noting the so-far unaddressed taxonomic uncertainties surrounding the nominal species. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 21, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 55). Rödel and Glos, 2019, Zoosyst. Evol., 95: 21, reported this species from the Foya Proposed Protected Area in western Liberia. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 152–153, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Portik, Bell, Blackburn, Bauer, Barratt, Branch, Burger, Channing, Colston, Conradie, Dehling, Drewes, Ernst, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Harvey, Hillers, Hirschfeld, Jongsma, Kielgast, Kouete, Lawson, Leaché, Loader, Lötters, van der Meijden, Menegon, Müller, Nagy, Ofori-Boateng, Ohler, Papenfuss, Rößler, Sinsch, Rödel, Veith, Vindum, Zassi-Boulou, and McGuire, 2019, Syst. Biol., 68: 859–875, implied that this nominal species is a complex. See brief account, range map for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230.        

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