Afrixalus laevis (Ahl, 1930)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Subfamily: Hyperoliinae > Genus: Afrixalus > Species: Afrixalus laevis

Megalixalus laevis Ahl, 1930, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1930: 93. Holotype: ZMB, by original designation, although Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 442, noted that the holotype is unlocated in the ZMB. Type locality: "Kamerun". Possibly from “Albrechtshöhe, Kamerun” according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 442.

Afrixalus laevisGuibé, 1948, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 20: 500, by implication; Laurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 24; Perret, 1960, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 61: 372.

Afrixalus (Laurentixalus) laevisAmiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 111.

English Names

Liberia Banana Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 65).

Smooth Spiny Reed Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 137).


Rainforests of southern Cameroon to northern Gabon; possibly extending into extreme southeastern Nigeria, northern Equatorial Guinea, southwestern Central African Republic, intervening extreme northern Rep. Congo.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cameroon, Gabon

Likely/Controversially Present: Central African Republic, Congo, Republic of the, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria


See comment under Afrixalus vibekensisSchiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 56, provided a brief account and map. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 137–138, provided an account for that region. Amiet, 2009, Rev. Suisse Zool., 116: 82–84, provided an account for Cameroon and suggested this species to be close to Afrixalus fulvovittatus. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 111–117. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 189–190, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 21, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 55). Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 158–159, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See comments by Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 442, regarding the missing holotype. Records from eastern Dem. Rep. Congo and Uganda were referred to Afrixalus phantasma and Afrixalus lacustris by Greenbaum, Portik, Allen, Vaughan, Badjedjea, Barej, Behangana, Conkey, Dumbo, Gonwouo, Hirschfeld, Hughes, Igunzi, Kasumba, Lukwago, Masudi, Penner, Reyes, Rödel, Roelke, Romero, and Dehling, 2022, Zootaxa, 5174: 201–232. Dehling and Sinsch, 2023, Diversity, 15 (512): 66, discussed the the populations now transferred to either Afrixalus phantasma (those from Rwanda) or Afrixalus lacustris

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