Afrixalus orophilus (Laurent, 1947)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Subfamily: Hyperoliinae > Genus: Afrixalus > Species: Afrixalus orophilus

Megalixalus orophilus Laurent, 1947, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 23: 1. Holotype: MRAC unnumbered according to the original publication; MRAC 53016 according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 9. Type locality: "Lac Magera (2. 000 m.)", Kivu, Dem. Rep. Congo.

Afrixalus orophilusGuibé, 1948, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 20: 500, by implication; Laurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 21; Laurent, 1972, Explor. Parc Natl. Virunga, Ser. 2, 22: 60.

English Names

Kivu Banana Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

Montane Spiny Reed Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 139).

Two-lined Leaf-gluing Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 139 [alternative name]).


Montane savannas in Kivu (Dem. Rep. Congo), Rwanda, Burundi, and southwestern Uganda, usually above 1500 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Burundi, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Rwanda, Uganda


Resurrected from the synonymy of Afrixalus brachycnemis by Laurent, 1972, Explor. Parc Natl. Virunga, Ser. 2, 22: 60, where it had been placed by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 346. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 139-140, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 281. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 162–163, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Dehling, Mindje, Dumbo, Hinkel, Hinkel, and Sinsch, 2023, Salamandra, 59: 102–105, reported on the advertisement call in Rwanda. Dehling and Sinsch, 2023, Diversity, 15 (512): 1–81, discussed the range, identification, natural history, advertisement call, and conservation status in Rwanda. 

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