Hyperolius marmoratus Rapp, 1842

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Subfamily: Hyperoliinae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius marmoratus

Hyperolius marmoratus Rapp, 1842, Arch. Naturgesch., 8: 289. Type(s): Not designated or known to exist. Type locality: "Natal" (= KwaZulu-Natal), Rep. South Africa.

Hyperolius verrucosus Smith, 1849, Illust. Zool. S. Afr., 3 (Appendix): 26. Types: BMNH; thought to be lost, by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 144. Type locality: "Kaffirland to the eastward of the Cape Colony", Rep. South Africa. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 109. Considered distinct by FitzSimons, 1947, Ann. Natal Mus., 11: 119.

Hyperolius taeniatus Peters, 1854, Ber. Bekannt. Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1854: 627. Holotype: ZMB 4531, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 83. Type locality: "Boror", Mozambique. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121–122; Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 34; and Wieczorek, Drewes, and Channing, 2001, Amphibia-Reptilia, 22: 159.

Hyperolius marmoratusGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 85; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 347.

Hyperolius sugillatus Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 342. Holotype: ANSP 11319, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 353. Type locality: "Umvoti", KwaZulu-Natal, Rep. South Africa. Synonymy with Hyperolius microps by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 127. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Loveridge, 1941, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 20: 287; Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 383; Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 196.

Hyperolius citrinus Günther, 1864, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1864: 311. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens), including BM 1947.2.9.63 (originally 1843.11.24.10 recorded as a syntype in museum records. Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 145, referred to a "holotype" in the BMNH although two specimens are mentioned in the original publication. Type localities: "Senegal" and "Zambesi Expedition", Tanzania. Restricted to "Zambesi Expedition" by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 354. Rendered as "Zambesi" by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 145. Synonymy with Hyperolius cinctiventris by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 126. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 214; provisionally synonymized by Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 214. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385; of Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 145.

Hyperolius granulosus Peters, 1867 "1866", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1866: 891 (footnote). Syntypes: ZMB 4811 (2 specimens) according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 44; now numbered ZMB 4811 and 75652 according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 424. Type locality: "Mossambique"; given as “Capanga am Flüsschen Mutizi östlich von Tette” = Capanga, Maravia District, Tete Province, Mozambique, by Peters, 1882, Naturwiss. Reise Mossambique, Zool. 3: 162. Synonymy with Hyperolius cinctiventris by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 126. Tentative synonymy with Hyperolius concolor tuberlinguis by Loveridge, 1957, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 117: 332. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 83.

Rappia taeniataGünther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 479.

Rappia citrinaGünther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 481.

Hyperolius variegatus Peters, 1882, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1882: 8. Syntypes: ZMB 10249, 75602–75604 (formerly part of ZMB 10249), according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 437, who suggested that ZMB 75603-04 are juvenile specimens of Afrixalus. Type localities: “Cabaceira” (= Peninsula Cabaceira, Mossuril District, Nampula Province, Mozambique). Synonymy with Hyperolius taeniatus by Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 329. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus vermiculatus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus by Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 145.

Hyperolius vermiculatus Peters, 1882, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1882: 8. Syntypes: ZMB 9408, 10050; ZMB 10050 designated lectotype by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. Type locality: "Malange [=Mlanje] (Angola)". Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius taeniatusPeters, 1882, Naturwiss. Reise Mossambique, Zool. 3: 166.

Rappia marmorataBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121.

Rappia granulosaBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia marginataBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia taeniataBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia variegataBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia striolataBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication.

Rappia vermicularisBoulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication (an incorrect subsequent spelling of Hyperolius vermiculata Peters, 1882).

Rappia vermiculata Pfeffer, 1893, Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., 10: 98. Syntypes: ZMH 352 (2 specimens), destroyed in WWII; ZMB 10988 is possibly a surviving syntype as implied by Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 438. Type locality: "Sansibar" (= Zanzibar), Tanzania. Preoccupied by Rappia vermiculata Peters, 1882. Synonymy by Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 438.

Rappia plicifera Bocage, 1893, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, Ser. 2, 3: 118. Syntypes: MBL T.22-209 (2 specimens) according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27; destroyed in 1978 fire. NHMW 22895 (2 specimens) considered part of syntypic series by Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 29, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 34. Total of five specimens in original publication. Type localities: "Caconda" (4 specimens) and "Duque de Bragança" (1 specimen), Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus vermiculatus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390. Synonymy with Hyperolius parallelus by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27.

Rappia marmorata var. marginataBocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 164.

Rappia toulsoniiBocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 166.

Rappia vermiculataTornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 139.

Rappia densereticulatae Tornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 140. Nomen nudum. Synonymy with Hyperolius vermiculatus by XXX.

Rappia rhodoscelis Boulenger, 1901, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 2: 4. Syntypes: MRAC and BMNH. Type locality: "Pweto", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy with Rappia undulata by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67 (who documented sympatry with Hyperolius melanoleucus); Laurent, 1948 "1947", Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 11, 14: 290; Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 386; and Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1-93.

Hyperolius platyrhinusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252.

Hyperolius pliciferusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 328; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 309.

Hyperolius vermiculatusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 330.

Hyperolius symetricusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 329.

Hyperolius marmoratusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 326.

Hyperolius platyrhinusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 328.

Hyperolius rhodoscelisNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 328.

Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratusFitzSimons, 1930, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 14: 43.

Hyperolius marmoratus pondoensis FitzSimons, 1930, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 14: 43. Holotype: TMP 13689. Type locality: "Port St Johns, Pondoland Coast", Rep. South Africa. Considered synonymous with Hyperolius verrucosus by Loveridge, 1941, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 20: 289, with Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 384; Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 195.

Hyperolius nossibeensis Ahl, 1930, Zool. Anz., 90: 66. Syntypes: SMF (3 specimens), unnumbered in the original publication; this being in error, the syntypes actually being ZMB 50098–50100 , according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 430. Type locality: "Nossi-Bé" (= Nosy Bé), Madagascar; in error, according to Glaw and Vences, 1993, Salamandra, 29: 212–230, who correct it to "probably Ethiopian Africa"; demonstrated the correct collection locality to be "Lunda" (= Lunda Sul Province), Angola by Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 430. Synonymy by Glaw and Vences, 1992, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Madagascar: 271 (only with the Hyperolius marmoratus complex), and Glaw and Vences, 1993, Salamandra, 29: 216.

Hyperolius albifrons Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 81. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36095, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 71. Type locality: "Afrika (ohne genaueren Fundort)". Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 387. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 354, appeared subsequently according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 407–450. 

Hyperolius decoratus Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 78. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; MCZ 17632 (on exchange from ZMB, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127) is presumably a paratype; ZMB 36112 designated lectotype by Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. Type localities: "Angola" and "Longa", Upper Mimesera River, Loanda, Angola. Lectoytpe from "Longa" (= Longa River, Angola). Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391;   Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 352, appeared subsequently according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 420.

Hyperolius dermatus Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 108 Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; lost, according to Laurent, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 209; found and ZMB 85999 is the holotype according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 421. Type locality: "Cabayra, (Port. Ost-Afrika [= Mozambique])". The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 382, appeared a few weeks later later according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 421. Provisional synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus by Laurent, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 209.

Hyperolius vermicularis Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 24. Replacement name for Rappia vermiculata Pfeffer, 1893, a secondary homonym of Hyperolius vermiculata Peters, 1882, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1882: 8.

Hyperolius microstictus Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 80. Syntypes: ZMB (2 specimens) unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36100 and 77762 according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428. Type locality: "Longa, oberhalb Minescra", Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus decoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 353, appeared subsequent to the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428.

Hyperolius breviceps Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 54. Holotype: ZMB 86026,  according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 419; MCZ 17629 (on exchange from ZMB, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127) is a paratype.  Type locality: “Tschimbo, Port. Ost-Afrika” [Chemba, Sofala Province, Upper Zambezi, Mozambique] . Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus striolatus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 387. Possibly a synonym of Hyperolius rhodoscelis according to Loveridge, 1957, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 117: 329. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 316 (who illustrated the species), appeared subsequently according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 419. 

Hyperolius rhodoscelisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 327. 

Hyperolius nyassae Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 339. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication, this being ZMB 39006 according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 430; MCZ 17642 considered 'cotype' (on exchange from ZMB) by Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 129, is a paratype. Type locality: "Langenburg" = Lumbira, Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Controversy surrounding the location of the type locality discussed by Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 1–9. Synonymy by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Placed in the synonymy of Hyperolius undulatus by Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 66, appeared after the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 430. 

Hyperolius asper Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 49. Holotype: ZMB 36106, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 84, and Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 418. Type locality: "Nairobi", Kenya. Provisional synonymy with Hyperolius symetricus by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. Placed in the synonymy of Hyperolius undulatus by Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 310, appeared subsequently to the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 418. 

Hyperolius platyrhinusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 290.

Hyperolius fuelleborni Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 75. Syntypes: ZMB (originally 119 specimens) according to the original publication; according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 423, these including ZMB 71184–71186 and 85925–85927 (“Neu Helgoland“ [Pugulo (or Papaya Island), a small rock island in Lake Malawi, Mbinga District, Ruvuma Region, Tanzania), ZMB 77465–68, 85919–21, 85928, 85964–71, 86138, and 90972 (“Langenburg”, Lumbira, Mbeya Region, Tanzania), ZMB 85922–24 (“Langenburg – Nordende des Nyassa“ = Lumbira at the northern shore of Lake Malawi), ZMB 85972–73 and 90928 (“Miramba bei Langenburg“ = Miramba near Lumbira), ZMB 85929–63, 85974–88, 86017, 86132–37, and 90929–48 (“Rugwe“ = Rungwe village, Mbeya Region, Tanzania), ZMB 86128–31 (“S’ongwe” = Songwe, at the border to Malawi on the northwestern tip of Lake Malawi, Kyela District, South Mbeya Region, Tanzania), and ZMB 86126–27 “D.O.A.” (= German East Africa]); MCZ 17636-37 (on exchange from ZMB) is a syntype according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 128). Type locality: "Nyassa-Gebiet . . . Neu-Helgoland, Langenburg, Rugwe, Miramba, S'ongwe". See comment under Hyperolius nyassae entry regarding the type locality. Synonymy by Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 3. Synonymy (with Hyperolius mariae) by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. Synonymy (with Hyperolius marmoratus nyassae) by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. The description in  Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 329, appeared after the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 423.

Hyperolius guttolineatus Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 57. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; not located according to  Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 441. Type locality: "Deutsch-Ostafrika (nähere Fundort unbekkant)". Synonymy by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 321, appeared subsequently according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 441.

Hyperolius marungaensis Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 77. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; this being ZMB 10736 according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428. Type locality: "Marunga (Angola)", this being in error according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428, who corrected the type locality to “northern Marunga or Marungu Region southwest of Lake Tanganyika, Kalemie Territory, Tanganyika Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo”.Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 351, appeared subsequent to the original according to  Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428.

Hyperolius symetricusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 338.

Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus — Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 109.

Hyperolius latirostris Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 106. Holotype: MRAC 1394, by original designation. Type locality: "Kasai", Dem. Rep. Congo. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391.

Hyperolius lestagei Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 109. Holotype: MRAC 39679, by original designation. Type locality: "Luapula (près du Lac Bangwelo)", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 216.

Hyperolius marmoratus kandoensis Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 113. Holotype: MRAC 12653, by original designation. Type locality: "Kando (pres de Tenke, Katanga  Province]", Dem. Rep. Congo.

Hyperolius fuliginosus Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 114. Holotype: MRAC 35166, by original designation. Type locality: "Kasenga (Katanga [Province])", Dem. Rep. Congo. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 179.

Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatusLaurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 34; Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 2.

Hyperolius marmoratus campylogrammus Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 36. Holotype: MNHNP 1924.28, by original designation. Type locality: "Bura, alt. 1050 m", Teita Hills.

Hyperolius marmoratus aposematicus Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 35. Holotype: MNHNP 33.295, by original designation. Type locality: "Lealui s/Zambèze, Rhodesie", Zimbabwe; Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 2.

Hyperolius marmoratus albifrons —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 387.

Hyperolius marmoratus straeleni —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390.

Hyperolius marmoratus latirostris —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391.

Hyperolius marmoratus lestagei —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 386.

Hyperolius marmoratus fuliginosus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385.

Hyperolius marmoratus rhodoscelis —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 386; Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1-93; Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 224.

Hyperolius marmoratus guttatolineatus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389. Misspelling of the subspecies name.

Hyperolius marmoratus vermiculatus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius marmoratus marungaensis —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius marmoratus nyassae —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 2; Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 226.

Hyperolius marmoratus decoratus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245.

Hyperolius marmoratus epheboides Laurent, 1957, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 42: 21. Holotype: IRSNB 1.158 according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 9. Type locality: "Mukana, marais près de Lusinga, 1. 810 m", Dem. Rep. Congo.

Hyperolius marmoratus mafianus  Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 71. Types: Unclear: in text Laurent refers to specimens from Mafia Island reported by Parker, 1936, a literature citation not mentioned in Laurent's Literature Cited. Type locality: "l'ile Mafia", Tanzania.

Hyperolius marmoratus alborufus Laurent, 1964, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 67: 153. Holotype: MD 5769, by original designation; incorrectly reported as either in MRAC or IRSNB by Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 9. Type locality: "Cazombo, Alto Zambeze, Moxico [Province], Angola", given as Lat. -1188, Long. 22.92 by Ceríaco, Marques, André, Afonso, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2020, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 162: 393.

Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosusPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 195.

Hyperolius aposematicusPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 201; Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 402.

Hyperolius viridiflavus taeniatusStevens, 1974, Arnoldia, Zimbabwe, 6: 11.

Hyperolius parallelus alborufusSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 185.

Hyperolius viridiflavus nyassaeSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 213.

Hyperolius parallelus aposematicusSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 183.

Hyperolius viridiflavus rhodoscelisSchiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 211.

Hyperolius marginatus alborufusLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 91.

Hyperolius marginatus aposematicusLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 96.

Hyperolius marginatus rhodoscelisLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 91.

Hyperolius marginatus nyassaeLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 98.

Hyperolius parallelus toulsoniiPerret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27.

Hyperolius parallelus pliciferus — Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27.

Heterixalus nossibeensisDrewes, 1984, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 139: 50.

Hyperolius marmoratus alborufusPoynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 221.

Hyperolius marmoratus aposematicusPoynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 221.

Hyperolius fumosus Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 397. Holotype: LIVM 1998.46.67, by original designation. Type locality: "Beira, Mozambique". Stated to intergrade with Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus according to the original publication.

Hyperolius alborufusPickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 405.

English Names

Marbled Rush Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Rose, 1950, Rep. Amph. S. Afr.: 55; Rose, 1962, Rep. Amph. S. Afr., Ed. 2: 58; Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 168; Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 7).

Painted Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 208; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 7; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 254; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 250).

Marbled Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 122; Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 67; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 161).

Variegated Rush Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 73).

Black and White Striped Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus: Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 73).

Striped Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus: Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 177).

Striped Rush Frog (Hyperolius marginatus taeniatus: Pienaar, 1963, Koedoe, 6: 81).

Aposematic Reed Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus aposematicus: Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 182).Spotted Tree Frog (Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus: Hewitt, 1937, Guide Vert. Fauna E. Cape Province, Rept. Amph. Fishes: 109).

Ahl's African Reed Frog (Hyperolius albifrons [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

Sangeve Reed Frog (Hyperolius erythromelanus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

Distribution

East African savannas south of the rainforest, embracing much of Tanzania and southern Kenya in East Africa south and west to northern Namibia and KwaZulu-Natal (and thence west to the vicinity of Cape Town), Rep. South Africa.

Comment

The status of Hyperolius parallelus Günther, 1859 "1858", is controversial according to R.C. Drewes in Laurent, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 213. Laurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 81, considered it a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus. Schiøtz, 1971, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 134: 28, considered Hyperolius parallelus to be a distinct species, and Hyperolius marmoratus to be a subspecies of Hyperolius viridiflavus. Laurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 90, considered Hyperolius parallelus to be a subspecies of Hyperolius marginatus. Drewes, 1984, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 139: 52, regarded Hyperolius parallelus as a distinct species; without discussion. According to Poynton, 1985, S. Afr. J. Sci., 81: 179–181, all southern African forms treated variously in the literature as subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus, Hyperolius viridiflavus, Hyperolius marginatus, and Hyperolius parallelus, are subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus. Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1–93, recognized three species in the Hyperolius viridiflavus superspecies: Hyperolius viridiflavus (in northern savannas), Hyperolius marmoratus (in southern savannas), and Hyperolius tuberculatus (in the rainforest). See comments under Hyperolius protchei and Hyperolius maestus. Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 212–227, recognized 15 subspecies of which they provided accounts. Hess, Channing, and Hendricks, 1996 "1995", Madoqua, Windhoek, 19: 33–36, compared Hyperolius marmoratus broadleyi and Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus in South Africa and found restriction site data to suggest species recognition of these taxa, and which confirmed the specific status of Hyperolius angolensisWieczorek and Channing, 1997, Afr. J. Herpetol., 46: 110–116, presented evidence for the species distinctiveness of Hyperolius marmoratus broadleyi from Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus, Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus, Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus. A. Schiøtz (pers. comm.) suggests that Hyperolius angolensis, Hyperolius parallelus, Hyperolius marginatus, Hyperolius viridiflavus, and Hyperolius reesi, likely all deserve recognition as binominals. Bishop, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 141–143, provided an account for Rep. South Africa. Pauwels and Rödel, 2007, Herpetozoa, Wien, 19: 135–148, recorded the species in Gabon, apparently in error or due to subscription to an alternative taxonomic arrangement. Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 386–388, 390–391 (marmoratus), 392–394 (verrucosus), 394–397 (taeniatus ), 397–399 (fumosus), 399–400 (broadleyi [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius swynnertoni]), 401–402 (swynnertoni [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius swynnertoni]), 403 (pyrrhodictyon [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius pyrrhodictyon]), 405-406 (alborufus), 407-408 (marginatus [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius marginatus), 409–410 (albofasciatus), 410–414 (nyassae), 415–416 (goetzei [retained in this catalog as Hyperolius glandicolor]), 417 (ommatostictus [retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius glandicolor), 418–419 (mwanzae, retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius viridiflavus), 419 (sheldricki: retained in this catalog as a distinct species), 420 (ferniquei [retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius glandicolor]), 421 (pantherinus: retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius glandicolor), 422 (variabilis: retained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius viridiflavus), 423 (pitmaniretained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius glandicolor), 425 (bayoniretained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius viridiflavus), 425–426 (mariaeretained in this catalog as Hyperolius mariae), and 427 (renschiretained in this catalog as a synonym of Hyperolius mariae) discussed the ambiguities of the Hyperolius marmoratus/Hyperolius viridiflavus complex. He reported that Hyperolius marmoratus marmoratus intergrades with Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus on the northern part of its range and Hyperolius marmoratus verrucosus on the southern part of its range. Broadley, 2007, Afr. J. Herpetol., 56: 175–177, commented on the status of Hyperolius fumosus. Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 250–251, provided a brief account for southern Africa. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 166–167 (as Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus) and page 206–211 (as Hyperolius viridiflavus nyassae) provided accounts for Malawi. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 214, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. See general discussion of the Hyperolius viridiflavus–parallelus–marginatus group by Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 206–228, and specifically (p. 206) of the form he treats under the vernaculars as Rhodoscelis, Nyassae, Taeniatus, Marmoratus, Verrucosus, Alborufus, Epheboides, and Aposematicus). Portik, Mulungu, Sequeira, and McEntee, 2013, Herpetol. Rev., 44: 395, provided a record for Zambézia Province, Mozambique. Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 85–86, provided a brief discussion of a collection from northern Mozambique. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 25, noted a literature error for Gabon. Phaka, Netherlands, Kruger, and Du Preez, 2017, Bilingual Field Guide Frogs Zululand: 41, provided a photograph, Zululand regional map, and a brief account of life history and identification. See (1) Hyperolius bicolor, which is a likely synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus insignis, (2) Hyperolius gularis, likely a synonym; (3) Hyperolius maestus, likely a synonym; (4) Hyperolius protchei, likely a synonym. Portik, Bell, Blackburn, Bauer, Barratt, Branch, Burger, Channing, Colston, Conradie, Dehling, Drewes, Ernst, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Harvey, Hillers, Hirschfeld, Jongsma, Kielgast, Kouete, Lawson, Leaché, Loader, Lötters, van der Meijden, Menegon, Müller, Nagy, Ofori-Boateng, Ohler, Papenfuss, Rößler, Sinsch, Rödel, Veith, Vindum, Zassi-Boulou, and McGuire, 2019, Syst. Biol., 68: 859–875, implied in a supplemental figure that this nominal species is a complex with both Hyperolius mariae and Hyperolius reesi imbedded within. Ceríaco, Marques, André, Afonso, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2020, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 162: 394–395, discussed the systematic history of Hyperolius marmoratus alborufus and the dispersal of the types. Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 407–450, discussed the collection and provenance of types of Hyperolius asper, Hyperolius breviceps, Hyperolius decoratus, and Hyperolius nossibeensis. Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 407–450, briefly discussed the types, collectors, and collections of Hyperolius albifrons, Hyperolius asper, Hyperolius breviceps, Hyperolius dermatus, Hyperolius fuelleborni, Hyperolius granulosus, Hyperolius guttolineatus, Hyperolius marungaensis, Hyperolius microstictus, Hyperolius nyassae, Hyperolius taeniatus, Hyperolius variegatus, and Hyperolius vermicularis

 

  

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