Hyperolius nitidulus Peters, 1875

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Subfamily: Hyperoliinae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius nitidulus

Hyperolius nitidulus Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 209. Holotype: ZMB 7729 according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 92, and Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 44. Type locality: "Yoruba (Lagos)", Nigeria.

Rappia nitidulaTornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 153.

Hyperolius pallidus Mertens, 1940, Zool. Anz., 131: 243. Holotype: NHMW 16862, according to original publication. Type locality: "Poli bei Garua, Nordkamerun". Synonymy with Hyperolius tuberculatus by Schiøtz, 1967, Spolia Zool. Mus. Haun., 25: 228, and Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 198.

Hyperolius viridiflavus nitidulusLaurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 43.

Hyperolius nitidulus aureus Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 416. Holotype: MHNG 1038.39, by original designation. Type locality: "Ngaoundéré", Cameroon.

Hyperolius nitidulus nitidulusPerret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 289–464, by implication.

Hyperolius nitidulus bangwae Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 415. Holotype: MHNG 1039.2, by original designation. Type locality: "Bangwa", Cameroon. Placed in the synonymy of Hyperolius viridiflavus pallidus (now Hyperolius tuberculatus pallidus) by implication of Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 206.

Hyperolius nitidulus pallidus — Schiøtz, 1971, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 134: XXX. 

English Names

Plain Reed Frog (Hyperolius viridiflavus pallidus: Jacobsen, 2009, Afr. Herp News, 47: 8).

Chalky Reed Frog (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 170).


West African savannas from Guinea and Mali eastwards into Nigeria, Burkina Faso, northern Cameroon, and western Central African Republic.


Removed from the synonymy of Hyperolius marmoratus by Rödel, 2000, Herpetofauna W. Afr., 1: 199 (who provided an account). Formerly it had been placed in synonymy with Hyperolius viridiflavus by Schiøtz, 1971, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 134: 49; with Hyperolius marmoratus (sensu lato) by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121–122; with Hyperolius picturatus by Loveridge, 1955, Rev. Suisse Zool., 62: 130. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius viridiflavus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 395; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 92. Wieczorek, Drewes, and Channing, 2000, J. Biogeograph., 27: 1241, provided a cladogram of the Hyperolius viridiflavus complex, including this species, and provided a map. Padial and De la Riva, 2004, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 18: 96, suggested that this species will be found in southern Mauritania. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 75-77, provided records for Nigeria. See comment under Hyperolius spatzi. Rödel, Sandberger-Loua, Penner, Mané, and Hillers, 2010, Bonn Zool. Bull., 57: 177–188, clarified the delimitation of the species, its distinctiveness from Hyperolius spatzi, and its range, suggesting that records from northeastern Nigeria, the driest savannas of Cameroon, and Central African Republic are based on misidentifications. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 195-203. Jacobsen, 2009, Afr. Herp News, 47: 2–20, reported Hyperolius viridiflavus pallidus from east-north-central Central African Republic. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 217, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. See general discussion of the Hyperolius viridiflavus–parallelus–marginatus group by Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 206–228, and specifically (p. 206-207) of the forms he treats as Nitidulus and Pallidus.  Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 108, provided a map for Angola and noted the record is likely based on a misidentification. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 170–171, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Portik, Bell, Blackburn, Bauer, Barratt, Branch, Burger, Channing, Colston, Conradie, Dehling, Drewes, Ernst, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Harvey, Hillers, Hirschfeld, Jongsma, Kielgast, Kouete, Lawson, Leaché, Loader, Lötters, van der Meijden, Menegon, Müller, Nagy, Ofori-Boateng, Ohler, Papenfuss, Rößler, Sinsch, Rödel, Veith, Vindum, Zassi-Boulou, and McGuire, 2019, Syst. Biol., 68: 859–875, implied in a supplemental figure that this nominal species is a complex. Ayoro, Segniagbeto, Hema, Penner, Oueda, Dubois, Rödel, Kabré, and Ohler, 2020, Zoosystema, 42: 547–582, discussed records, identification, and habitat in Burkina Faso.  

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