Hyperolius parallelus Günther, 1858

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Subfamily: Hyperoliinae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius parallelus

Hyperolius parallelus Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 326. Syntypes: BMNH (3 specimens) according to Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 86, these being BMNH 1947.2.9.41–42 (formerly 1851.1.19.27–28) and 1947.2.9.43 (formerly 1846.6.18.32) according to museum records. Type locality: "Süd-Afrika"; later rendered as "South Africa" and "Angola" by Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 86; as as "Cape of Good Hope", Western Cape Province, Rep. South Africa, and "Ambris [= Ambriz], Angola" by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 122. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121, and a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 38.

Hyperolius marmoratus var. angolensis Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 50. Syntypes: NHMW 13487.1–2 according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 22.  Type locality: "Angola". Synonymy with Hyperolius parallelus by Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 122, and Wieczorek, Drewes, and Channing, 2000, J. Biogeograph., 27: 1235.

Hyperolius insignis Bocage, 1868 "1867", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1867: 844. Syntypes: MBL T. 21-164 (2 specimens), 27-167, according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 28; destroyed in 1978 fire. ZMB 6462 noted as a surviving syntype by Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 425. Type localities: in original publication as "Benguella", Angola; corrected by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 28, to São Salvador do Congo, Angola, and Novo Redondo, Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus parallelus (as Rappia marmorata parallela) by Boettger, 1888, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1888: 96; Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 329; with Hyperolius parallelus by Schiøtz, 1971, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 134: 21–76. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121;  Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 39.

Hyperolius toulsonii Bocage, 1868 "1867", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1867: 845. Holotype: MBL T. 27–275 according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27; destroyed in 1978 fire. Type locality: "Loanda" = Luanda, Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 121–122. Recognized by Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 388. Synonymy with Hyperolius parallelus by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27; with Hyperolius marmoratus insignis by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88; with Hyperolius marmoratus parallelus by Loveridge, 1953, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 110: 329.

Rappia insignis — Günther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 479.

Hyperolius huillensis Bocage, 1873, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 4: 225. Syntypes: MBL 2-166 (4 specimens) according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 28; destroyed in 1978 fire. Type locality: "Huilla", Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 122. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 331. 

Hyperolius vermiculatus Peters, 1882, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1882: 8. Syntypes: ZMB 9408, 10050; ZMB 10050 designated lectotype by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. Type locality: "Malange [=Mlanje] (Angola)". Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 326. 

Rappia vermicularis — Boulenger, 1883, Zool. Rec., 19: 20, by implication (an incorrect subsequent spelling of Hyperolius vermiculata Peters, 1882).

Rappia plicifera Bocage, 1893, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, Ser. 2, 3: 118. Syntypes: MBL T.22-209 (2 specimens) according to Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27; destroyed in 1978 fire. NHMW 22895 (2 specimens) considered part of syntypic series by Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 29, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 34. Total of five specimens in original publication. Type localities: "Caconda" (4 specimens) and "Duque de Bragança" (1 specimen), Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus vermiculatus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390. Synonymy with Hyperolius parallelus by Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27, and Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 326.

Rappia marmorata var. taeniolata Bocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 164. Types: MBL, presumed destroyed. Type locality: "Duque de Bragança", "Huilla", "Caconda" and "Cahata", Angola. Synonymy (with Hyperolius marmoratus angolensis) by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390.

Rappia marmorata var. insignis — Bocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 164. 

Rappia marmorata var. huillensisBocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 164.

Rappia toulsonii — Bocage, 1895, Herpetol. Angola Congo: 166.

Rappia parallelaTornier, 1896, in Möbius (ed.), Deutsch Ost-Afr., 3: 96.

Rappia marmorata var. parallela — Boettger, 1888, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1888: 96.

Rappia burgeoni De Witte, 1921, Rev. Zool. Afr., 9: 19. Holotype: MRAC 585, according to Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 125. Type locality: "Madyu (Uelé)", presumably near Moto, which is today Watsa, Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy with Hyperolius viridiflavus pachyderma, by Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 23–50; Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 392; Inger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 148. Dehling, 2015, Herpetozoa, Wien, 28: 39–47, placed Rappia burgeoni in the synonymy of Hyperolius viridiflavus. Transferred provisionally to the synonymy of Hyperolius parallelus by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 325. 

Hyperolius pliciferus — Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 328; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 309.

Hyperolius burgeoni — Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 324; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 314.

Hyperolius rhodoscelis — Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 328; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 327. 

Hyperolius vermiculatus — Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 251, 330.

Rappia rossii Calabresi, 1925, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 64: 121. Syntypes: MSNM 584 (2 specimens) according to Conci, 1967, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 106: 94; now MSNM Am 471 (2 specimens)  according to Blackburn and Scali, 2014, Herpetol. Monogr., 28: 30, who discussed the material. Type locality: "regione dell'alto Uellè (Congo Belga)" = Upper Uele Region, Dem. Rep. Congo. Corrected to "likely . . . from an area near or just east of present-day Watsa (3.037162 S, 29.535509 E)", Burundi, by Blackburn and Scali, 2014, Herpetol. Monogr., 28: 30; considered the type locality to more likely be "Watsa, in the Upper Uelé Province, DRC [Dem. Rep. Congo]", by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 316.

. Synonymy (with Hyperolius burgeoni) by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus pachyderma by Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 23–50; Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 392. Dehling, 2015, Herpetozoa, Wien, 28: 39–47, explained how the name Rappia rossii remains a synonym of Hyperolius viridiflavus. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 331. 

Hyperolius bitaeniatus Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 58. Holotype: ZMB 39004, according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 418. Type locality: “Konde-Nika, Deutsch-Ost-Afrika” [= Region at the northern tip of Lake Malawi, Mbeya and Njombe Region, Tanzania]. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 211 (as a subspecies of Hyperolius viridiflavus) and by Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 224. (as a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus). Formerly placed provisionally in synonymy of Hyperolius rhodoscelis by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67. Considered a junior synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus mariae by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 386. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 331.

Hyperolius nossibeensis Ahl, 1930, Zool. Anz., 90: 66. Syntypes: SMF (3 specimens), unnumbered in the original publication; this being in error, the syntypes actually being ZMB 50098–50100 , according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 430. Type locality: "Nossi-Bé" (= Nosy Bé), Madagascar; in error, according to Glaw and Vences, 1993, Salamandra, 29: 212–230, who correct it to "probably Ethiopian Africa"; corrected to "Lunda" (= Lunda Sul Province), Angola by Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 430. Synonymy by Glaw and Vences, 1992, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Madagascar: 271 (only with the Hyperolius marmoratus complex), and Glaw and Vences, 1993, Salamandra, 29: 216. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 326. 

Hyperolius fuelleborni Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 75. Syntypes: ZMB (originally 119 specimens) according to the original publication; according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 423, these including ZMB 71184–71186 and 85925–85927 (“Neu Helgoland“ [Pugulo (or Papaya Island), a small rock island in Lake Malawi, Mbinga District, Ruvuma Region, Tanzania; identified as Hyperolius marmoratus by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 327), ZMB 77465–68, 85919–21, 85928, 85964–71, 86138, and 90972 (“Langenburg”, Lumbira, Mbeya Region, Tanzania), ZMB 85922–24 (“Langenburg – Nordende des Nyassa“ = Lumbira at the northern shore of Lake Malawi), ZMB 85972–73 and 90928 (“Miramba bei Langenburg“ = Miramba near Lumbira), ZMB 85929–63, 85974–88, 86017, 86132–37, and 90929–48 (“Rugwe“ = Rungwe village, Mbeya Region, Tanzania), ZMB 86128–31 (“S’ongwe” = Songwe, at the border to Malawi on the northwestern tip of Lake Malawi, Kyela District, South Mbeya Region, Tanzania), and ZMB 86126–27 “D.O.A.” (= German East Africa]); MCZ 17636-37 (on exchange from ZMB) is a syntype according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 128). Type locality: "Nyassa-Gebiet . . . Neu-Helgoland, Langenburg, Rugwe, Miramba, S'ongwe". See comment under Hyperolius nyassae entry regarding the type locality. Synonymy by Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 3. Synonymy (with Hyperolius mariae) by Loveridge, 1933, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 74: 346. Synonymy (with Hyperolius marmoratus nyassae) by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. The description in  Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 329, appeared after the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 423. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 327. 

Hyperolius marungaensis Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 77. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; this being ZMB 10736 according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428. Type locality: "Marunga (Angola)", this being in error according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428, who corrected the type locality to “northern Marunga or Marungu Region southwest of Lake Tanganyika, Kalemie Territory, Tanganyika Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo”.Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 351, appeared subsequent to the original according to  Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 326. 

Hyperolius microstictus Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 80. Syntypes: ZMB (2 specimens) unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 36100 and 77762 according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428. Type locality: "Longa, oberhalb Minescra", Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus decoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 353, appeared subsequent to the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 428. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 326. 

Hyperolius decoratus Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 78. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; MCZ 17632 (on exchange from ZMB, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127) is presumably a paratype; ZMB 36112 designated lectotype by Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. Type localities: "Angola" and "Longa", Upper Mimesera River, Loanda, Angola. Lectoytpe from "Longa" (= Longa River, Angola). Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391;   Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 352, appeared subsequently according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 420. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 326. 

Hyperolius rossii — Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 283.

Hyperolius nyassae Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 339. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication, this being ZMB 39006 according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 430; MCZ 17642 considered 'cotype' (on exchange from ZMB) by Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 129, is a paratype. Type locality: "Langenburg" = Lumbira, Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Controversy surrounding the location of the type locality discussed by Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 1–9. Synonymy by  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Placed in the synonymy of Hyperolius undulatus by Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 66, appeared after the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 430. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 331. 

Hyperolius callichromus  Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 372. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; MCZ 17630-31 (on exchange from ZMB according to  Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127) are presumably paratypes not syntypes. Type locality: "Westliches Russisi-Ufer und Nordwest-Ufer des Tanganyika"; putative MCZ syntype data given as "W. Bank of Upper Russisi River, Belgian Congo" by  Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127. Synonymy with Hyperolius argentovittis by Loveridge, 1936, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 79: 372. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 99, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 332. 

Hyperolius huillensisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 375.

Hyperolius angolensis — Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 391.

Hyperolius decipiens  Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 404. Syntypes: ZMB (5 specimens) unnumbered, according to the original publication; including MCZ 17633 (exchanged from ZMB) according to  Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 127). Type locality: "Westliches Russisi-Ufer und Nordwestufer des Tanganyika-Sees". Synonymy (with Hyperolius argentovittis) by Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 67. Considered a synonym of Hyperolius marmoratus argentovittis by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389. The description in Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 120, appeared a few weeks later according to unpublished notes by A. Loveridge (fide R. Laurent). Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 332. 

Hyperolius erythromelanus Monard, 1937 "1936", Bull. Soc. Neuchatel. Sci. Nat., 62: 36. Syntypes: LCFM (2 specimens). Type locality: "Sangevé", Angola. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus huillensis by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390.  Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 332. 

Hyperolius latirostris Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 106. Holotype: MRAC 1394, by original designation. Type locality: "Kasai", Dem. Rep. Congo. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 326. 

Hyperolius fuliginosus Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 114. Holotype: MRAC 35166, by original designation. Type locality: "Kasenga (Katanga [Province])", Dem. Rep. Congo. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Synonymy with Hyperolius marmoratus by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 179; with Hyperolius parallelus by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 326–327.

Hyperolius brieni  Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 119. Holotype: MRAC 5445, by original designation. Type locality: "Nyonga (s/Lac Upemba)", Katanga Province, Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy (as Hyperolius marmoratus argentovittis) by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389;  Laurent, 1957, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 42: 17. Synonymy by Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 176.

Hyperolius angolensis angolensisLaurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 121.

Hyperolius angolensis quarrei Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 122. Holotype: MRAC 37366, by original designation. Type locality: "Lusuku (Lomami)", Dem. Rep. Congo. Considered a subspecies of Hyperolius marmoratus by Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 389.

Hyperolius marmoratus insignis — Laurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 39.

Hyperolius marmoratus parallelusLaurent, 1951, Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 38; Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1–93.

Hyperolius marmoratus vermiculatus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius marmoratus nyassae — Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385. Laurent, 1965, Breviora, 216: 2; Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 226.

Hyperolius marmoratus rhodoscelis —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 386; Laurent, 1983, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 1-93; Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 224.

Hyperolius marmoratus quarreiLaurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 390.

Hyperolius marmoratus decoratus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 89; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 245.

Hyperolius marmoratus marungaensis —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391; Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius marmoratus fuliginosus —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 385.

Hyperolius marmoratus latirostris —  Laurent, 1952 "1951", Ann. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 82: 391.

Hyperolius marmoratus angolensisLaurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 136 (17 of preprint); Laurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 77; Mertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 7; Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 122.

Hyperolius tuberculatus hutsebauti Laurent, 1956, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 53: 233. Holotype: MRAC 52495, by original designation. Type locality: "Ibembo, Uele", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 332. 

Hyperolius marmoratus epheboides Laurent, 1957, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 42: 21. Holotype: IRSNB 1.158 according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 9. Type locality: "Mukana, marais près de Lusinga, 1. 810 m", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 327. 

Hyperolius marmoratus huillensisLaurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 88.

Hyperolius angolensisPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 202.

Hyperolius marmoratus alborufus Laurent, 1964, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 67: 153. Holotype: MD 5769, by original designation; incorrectly reported as either in MRAC or IRSNB by Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 9. Type locality: "Cazombo, Alto Zambeze, Moxico [Province], Angola", given as Lat. -1188, Long. 22.92 by Ceríaco, Marques, André, Afonso, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2020, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 162: 393.  Synonymy by Channing, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 327. 

Hyperolius parallelus alborufus — Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 185.

Hyperolius viridiflavus rhodoscelis — Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 211.

Hyperolius viridiflavus nyassae — Schiøtz, 1975, Treefrogs E. Afr.: 213.

Hyperolius marginatus rhodoscelis — Laurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 91.

Hyperolius parallelus toulsonii — Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27.

Hyperolius parallelus pliciferus — Perret, 1976, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 6: 27.

Hyperolius marginatus angolensisLaurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 91.

Hyperolius marginatus alborufus — Laurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 91.

Hyperolius marginatus nyassae — Laurent, 1976, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 213: 98.

Heterixalus nossibeensis — Drewes, 1984, Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci., 139: 50.

Hyperolius marmoratus angolensisPoynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 222.

Hyperolius marmoratus alborufus — Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 221.

Hyperolius hutsebauti — Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 197.

Hyperolius alborufus — Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 405.

English Names

Angolan Reed Frog (Hyperolius angolensis [no longer recognized]: Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 148; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 256 [for Hyperolius parallelus]).

Hutsebaut's Reed Frog (Hyperolius hutsebauti [no longer recognized]: Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 206).

Distribution

Most of Dem. Rep. Congo, Angola to western Uganda, western Tanzania, northern Malawi, northern and western Zambia, northern Botswana, and northern Namibia; likely in eastern Rep. Congo, extreme western Zimbabwe.

Comment

Hess, Channing, and Hendricks, 1996 "1995", Madoqua, Windhoek, 19: 33–36, provided molecular evidence for the distinctiveness of this taxon (as Hyperolius angolensis). Hyperolius angolensis removed from the synonymy of Hyperolius marmoratus by Channing and Griffin, 1993, Madoqua, Windhoek, 18: 101–106, where it had been placed by Laurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 77, and Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 122. A. Schiøtz (pers. comm.) suggests that Hyperolius angolensis may be found to be conspecific with Hyperolius parallelus. Nominal Hyperolius hutsebauti is possibly sympatric with Hyperolius tuberculatus in Ubangi, Dem. Rep. Congo, according to Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 197. See general discussion of the Hyperolius viridiflavus–parallelus–marginatus group by Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 206–228. Wieczorek, Drewes, and Channing, 2000, J. Biogeograph., 27: 1235, made the formal synonymy and provided a new concept and range. See account (as Hyperolius angolensis) by Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 148–149. Schiøtz, 2006, Alytes, 24: 48–51, provided a brief discussion of the problems in this complex. See account by Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 256–257. Conradie, Branch, Measey, and Tolley, 2012, Zootaxa, 3269: 1–17, recognized Hyperolius angolensis in their phylogenetic tree, but because they did not address Hyperolius paralellus, its nominal senior synonym, it is unclear what their intention was in the use of this name (DRF). Nagy, Chifundera, Collet, and Gvoždík, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6:  413–419, provided a record from Bas-Congo, southwestern Dem. Rep. Congo. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 90–94, provided a map for Angola and a brief account, as Hyperolius angolensis, although they did not provide any data to support this view. Dehling and Sinsch, 2019, Zool. Anz., 280: 65–77, reported on the evolution of larval and adult morphospace in the Central African Albertine Rift, including this species which they considered to be in the Hyperolius viridiflavus group. Butler, Ceríaco, Marques, Bandeira, Júlio, Heinicke, and Bauer, 2019, Herpetol. Rev., 50: 225–240, reported on a collection of Hyperolius cf. angolensis from Huila Province, southwestern Angola. Baptista, António, and Branch, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (e203): 96–130, reported on specimens, as Hyperolius angolensis, from Bicuar National Park, southwestern Angola and commented on the state of systematics. Ernst, Lautenschläger, Branquima, and Hölting, 2020, Zoosyst. Evol., 96: 254, noted the presence in Uigé Province, northwestern Angola. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 94, employed the name Hyperolius angolensis and discussed why they chose to recognize the species; and while some authors have followed this apparently Marques et al. formed the binomial in anticipation of someone else providing data for this arrangement at some point in the future. The same authors (pp. 394–395) discussed the systematic history of Hyperolius marmoratus alborufus and the dispersal of the types. Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 412, also in anticipation of revision employed the name Hyperolius angolensis and discuss the syntypes, collector, and provenance of the types of Hyperolius insignisTillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 407–450, briefly discussed the types, collectors, and collections of Hyperolius fuelleborni and Hyperolius vermicularisChanning, 2022, Zootaxa, 5134: 301–354, discussed the systematics, reidentified a number of GenBank sequences, restricted the range by excluding a number of populations, provided a range map, molecular tree, and a summary of the color patterns for all of the named taxa in the synonymy, and characterized the advertisement call.  

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