Hyperolius phantasticus (Boulenger, 1899)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Subfamily: Hyperoliinae > Genus: Hyperolius > Species: Hyperolius phantasticus

Rappia phantastica Boulenger, 1899, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 3: 274. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.9.20 (formerly 1899.4.27.8)  y museum records. Type locality: "Benito River, French Congo", Equatorial Guinea.

Hyperolius phantasticusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 252, 265, 327; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 393.

Hyperolius nigropalmatus Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 104 Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication, this being ZMB 85764 according to  Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 429. Type locality: "Lolodorf, [Océan Division, South Province,] Kamerun". Synonymy by Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 408. The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 378, appeared after the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 407–450.

Hyperolius chabanaudi Ahl, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 125. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered, according to the original publication; ZMB 18228, according to Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 73. Type locality: "Beniló [= Benito], Französischer Kongo [=Gabon]". The description in Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 407, appeared subsequently to the original according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 407–450. Considered a likely synonym of Hyperolius phantasticus by Laurent, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 215; synonymy confirmed by Lötters, Gossmann, Obame, and Böhme, 2001, Herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 23: 30.

Hyperolius boulengeri Laurent, 1943, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 4: 134. Holotype: MRAC 37104, by original designation. Type locality: "Flandria (Tshuapa)", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Laurent, 1961, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 64: 73.

Hyperolius phantasticus boulengeri — Badjedjea, Masudi, Akaibe, and Gvoždík, 2022, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 16 (1: e301): 56. 

English Names

Fantastic Reed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 67).

Chabanaud's Reed Frog (Hyperolius chabanaudi [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 66).

Distribution

Forests of Gabon and southwestern Cameroon to southwestern Central Africa Republic, northeastern Dem. Rep. Congo, and south through Gabon with an isolated record in southwestern Rep. Congo; Río Muni in Equatorial Guinea; expected in Cabinda enclave of Angola.

Comment

See comments by Köhler, Scheelke, Schick, Veith, and Lötters, 2005, Afr. Zool., 40: 136–137, who described the advertisement call. Schiøtz, 2006, Alytes, 24: 51–54, provided comments on identification and variation. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 149–151, provided a brief account and map. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 357–361. Jongsma, Tobi, Dixon-MacCallum, Bamba-Kaya, Yoga, Mbega, Mve Beh, Emrich, and Blackburn, 2017, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 11 (1: e144): 14, provided a record for southeastern Gabon and briefly discussed habitat and range. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 27, summarized the literature for Gabon. Dehling and Sinsch, 2019, Zool. Anz., 280: 65–77, placed this in their Hyperolius pardalis group. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 188–189, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 188–189, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 407–450, briefly discussed the types and their collector's itinerary of Hyperolius chabanaudi and Hyperolius nigropalmatusBadjedjea, Masudi, Akaibe, and Gvoždík, 2022, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 16 (1: e301): 56, commented on a population from the Kokolopori Bonobo Nature Reserve, Tshuapa Province, Dem. Rep. Congo, and the taxonomic questions these specimens raise.  

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