Leiopelma hamiltoni McCulloch, 1919

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leiopelmatidae > Genus: Leiopelma > Species: Leiopelma hamiltoni

Liopelma hamiltoni McCulloch, 1919, Trans. Proc. New Zealand Inst., Wellington, 51: 447. Holotype: Dominion Mus. (= NMNZ), according to the original publication. Type locality: "Stephens Island, Cook Strait", New Zealand.

Leiopelma hamiltoniMittleman and Myers, 1949, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 62: 57-68.

Leioaspetos hamiltoniWells and Wellington, 1985, Aust. J. Herpetol., Suppl. Ser., 1: 62; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 413. 

Leiopelma pakeka Bell, Daugherty, and Hay, 1998, J. R. Soc. New Zealand, 28: 42. Holotype: MONZ AM 86, by original designation. Type locality: "Maud Island, Cook Strait, latitude 41° 01′ S, longitude 173° 53′ E", New Zealand. Synonymy by Burns, Bell, Haigh, Bishop, Easton, Wren, Germano, Hitchmough, Rolfe, and Makan, Conserv. Status New Zealand Amph.: 2. 

Leioaspetos pakeka — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 413. 

English Names

Brown New Zealand Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 70).

Hamilton's Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 76).


Boulder banks near the summit of Stephens Island and Maud Island and introduced onto Motuara Island, New Zealand.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: New Zealand

Endemic: New Zealand

Introduced: New Zealand


See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 292 (and as Leiopelma pakeka on p. 293). See van Winkel, Baling, and Hitchmough, 2019, Rept. Amph. New Zealand: 312–313, for account, photograph, and range map. Holyoake, Waldman, and Gemmell, 2001, Animal Conserv., 4: 29-35, doubted the distinctiveness of Leiopelma pakeka from from Leiopelma hamiltoni  Burns, Bell, Haigh, Bishop, Easton, Wren, Germano, Hitchmough, Rolfe, and Makan, Conserv. Status New Zealand Amph.: 1–7, discussed the conservation and systematic status of this species. 

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