Physalaemus albifrons (Spix, 1824)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leiuperinae > Genus: Physalaemus > Species: Physalaemus albifrons

Bufo albifrons Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 48. Type(s): 2 specimens according to the original publication, including animal figured on pl. 19, fig. 2; syntypes include ZSM 49/0 and 50/0 (both now lost) according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 374, for discussion; RMNH 2272 considered subsequently a remaining syntype by Hoogmoed, 1986, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 60: 299-300. See comments by Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 171; Boulenger, 1887, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 20: 296, recorded the syntypes as ZMB 6800 (2 specimens), apparently in error. Type locality: "Habitat in Provincia Bahia", Brazil. Type locality rendered as "Porto Alegre", Brazil, by Boulenger, 1887, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 20: 296. Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 17, suggested that the type locality is in "provàvelmente . . . da região central de taboleiros", Bahia, Brazil.

Bombinator albifronsSchlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 239.

Paludicola albifronsWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 206. Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 159.

Physalaemus albifronsParker, 1927, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 20: 460.

English Names

Bahia Dwarf Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 83).


Northern Maranhão, through Piauí, Ceará, Bahia, Paraíba, Pernambuco, and Alagoas south through Bahia to southern Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


In the Physalaemus biligonigerus group of Nascimento, Caramaschi, and Cruz, 2005, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 63: 309. Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 89, noted that the presence of this species in Argentina needs to be confirmed, and Langone, 2001, Cuad. Herpetol., 15: 85-88, discussed the range and rejected its presence in Argentina as based on confusion for the most part with Physalaemus biligonigerus. Silva, Santos, Alves, Sousa, and Annunziata, 2010, Sitientibus, Ser. Cienc. Biol., 7: 334-340, provided records for Piauí, Brazil. Oliveira, Weber, and Ruggeri, 2010, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 5: 249-254, reported on larval morphology. Palmeira, Gonçalves, and Paz, 2011, Check List, 7: 839-840, provided a distribution map and a range extension into Alagoas, Brazil. Pederassi, Lima, Caramaschi, Souza, Santos, and Silva, Zootaxa, 3994: 449–450, redescribed the advertisement call. In the Physalaemus cuvieri clade, Physalaemus cuvieri species group, of Lourenço, Targueta, Baldo, Nascimento, Garcia, Andrade, Haddad, and Recco-Pimentel, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 92: 204–216. Hepp and Pombal, 2020, Zootaxa, 4725: 1–106, discussed this species as part of a genus-wide discussion of bioacoustical traits among the species. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Dubeux, Gonçalves, Ramos, Melo, Silva, and Mott, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 997–1002, provided a record for Pedra Talhada Biological Reseerve, Quebrangulo Municipality, Alagoas, Brazil, and commented on natural history and range.    

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