Physalaemus centralis Bokermann, 1962

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leiuperinae > Genus: Physalaemus > Species: Physalaemus centralis

Physalaemus centralis Bokermann, 1962, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 22: 216. Holotype: WCAB 8057, by original designation; now MZUSP. Type locality: "Xingu, rio Coluene, Mato Grosso, Brasil".

English Names

Central Dwarf Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 83).


Eastern and northeastern borderlands of Bolivia (Departamento Beni) and east-central Paraguay (Amambay, Canindeyú, and San Pedro provinces) east and northeast through Mato Grosso, Goiás, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Bahia, Tocantins to the borderlands of Maranhão and into southern Piauí, Brazil.  

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay


In the Physalaemus cuvieri group of Nascimento, Caramaschi, and Cruz, 2005, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 63: 308. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 58, and Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 69, consider this species possibly to occur in Bolivia. Padial and Köhler, 2001, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 12: 6–8, provided a Bolivian record. Kokubum and Menin, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 62, discussed the range in Brazil. Brandão, Duar, Brito, and Sebben, 1997, Herpetol. Rev., 28: 93, reported the species in the vicinity of Brasilia, D.F., Brazil. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 17, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Jansen, Bloch, Schulze, and Pfenninger, 2011, Zool. Scripta, 40: 567–583, suggested on the basis of molecular data the existence of unnamed cryptic species, possibly two, in Bolivia. Weiler, Núñez, Airaldi, Lavilla, Peris, and Baldo, 2013, Anf. Paraguay: 103, provided a brief account, image, and dot map for Paraguay. Vasconcelos, Sousa, Leite, and Andrade, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 325–327, provided records for Piaui, Brazil, and provided a dot map of the species. Matavelli, Campos, and Andrade, 2014, Check List, 10: 702–705, reported this species in restringa habitats in the state of Maranhão, Brazil. In the Physalaemus cuvieri clade, Physalaemus cuvieri species group, of Lourenço, Targueta, Baldo, Nascimento, Garcia, Andrade, Haddad, and Recco-Pimentel, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 92: 204–216. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 64–34, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larvae they characterised as Physalaemus centralis A and B, noting substantial differences from Brazilian Physalaemus centralis from São Paulo and genetic differences from each other. Guerra Batista, Morais, Gambale, Oda, and Bastos, 2017, Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ., 52: 103–111, reported on variation in the advertisement call in a comparative framework with the rest of the Physalaemus cuvieri clade. Neves, Yves, Pereira Silva, Alves, Vasques, Coelho, and Silva, 2019, Herpetozoa, Wien, 32: 113–123, provided habitat information and records for western Minas Gerais, Brazil. Hepp and Pombal, 2020, Zootaxa, 4725: 1–106, discussed this species as part of a genus-wide discussion of bioacoustical traits among the species. Rossa-Feres and Nomura, 2006 "2005", Biota Neotrop., São Paulo, 6 (2: bn00706012006): 1–24, characterized larval morphology of this species and provided a key to the larvae of northwestern São Paulo state, Brazil. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 136, provided an account for Goiás and the D.F., Brazil. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1–292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Santos, Feio, and Nomura, 2023, Biota Neotrop., 23 (3:e20231486): 1–43, characterized tadpole morphology as part of an identification key to the tadpoles of the Brazilian Cerrado. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.