Physalaemus fischeri (Boulenger, 1890)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leiuperinae > Genus: Physalaemus > Species: Physalaemus fischeri

Paludicola fischeri Boulenger, 1890, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1890: 327. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.18.28 (formerly 1889.12.16.764), according to museum records. Type locality: "Venezuela".

Physalaemus enesefae Heatwole, Solano, and Heatwole, 1965, Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 4: 355. Holotype: MCZ 51770 (formerly UPRP 1947), by original designation. Type locality: "Kilometer 38 on Venezuela highway No. 10, between El Dorado and La Laja, Bolivar State, Venezuela. Altitude about 100 m." Synonymy by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 73.

Physalaemus fischeriGorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 152.

Physalaemus neglectus dunni Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 480. Holotype: USNM 147108, by original designation. Type locality: "Acacías, Meta, Colombia". Synonymy with Physalaemus enesefae by Ruiz-Carranza, Ardila-Robayo, and Lynch, 1996, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 20: 407.

Physalaemus cuvieri dunni  Harding, 1983, Cat. New World Amph.: 141. Unexplained combination. 

English Names

Fischer’s Dwarf Frog (Physalaemus fischeri: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 83).

Heatwole’s Dwarf Frog (Physalaemus enesefae [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 83).


Llanos regions of Colombia as well as the llanos, upper Orinoco region, in the states of Bolívar, Amazonas, Apure, Barinas, Cojedes, and Guárico in Venezuela.


Removed from the synonymy of Physalaemus gracilis by Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 88, where it had been placed by Parker, 1927, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 20: 473. Considered a synonym of Physalaemus gracilis by AJC in Duellman, 1993, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 21: 127. Duellman, 1997, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 2: 27–29, commented on the southeastern Venezuela population (as Physalaemus enesefae) and described the larvam call, and natural history. Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 71-74, reported on this species in Venezuela and synonymized Physalaemus enesefae. See also taxonomic and distributional comments (as Physalaemus enesefae) by Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 48. Tárano, 2001, Copeia, 2001: 1064–1072, reported on variation in the advertisement call of nominal Physalaemus enesefae. In the Physalaemus cuvieri clade, Physalaemus cuvieri species group, of Lourenço, Targueta, Baldo, Nascimento, Garcia, Andrade, Haddad, and Recco-Pimentel, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 92: 204–216. Señaris, Lampo, Rojas-Runjaic, and Barrio-Amorós, 2014, Guía Ilust. Anf. Parque Nac. Canaima: 222–223, provided a photograph and a brief account for the Parque Nacional de Canaima, Venezuela. Acosta-Galvis, 2017, Biota Colomb., 18: 282–315, reported the species from the Municipality of Yopal, Casanare Department, Colombia. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 99, for comments on range (with special reference to Venezuela) and literature. Hepp and Pombal, 2020, Zootaxa, 4725: 1–106, discussed this species as part of a genus-wide discussion of bioacoustical traits among the species. 

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