Physalaemus rupestris Caramaschi, Carcerelli, and Feio, 1991

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leiuperinae > Genus: Physalaemus > Species: Physalaemus rupestris

Physalaemus rupestris Caramaschi, Carcerelli, and Feio, 1991, Herpetologica, 47: 148. Holotype: MNRJ 10551, by original designation. Type locality: "Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Lima Duarte Municipality (approximately 21°42′ S, 43°53′ W, 1680 m over sea level), State of Minas Gerais, Brazil".

English Names

Ibitipoca Dwarf Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 83).


High elevation montane fields in the Serra do Ibitipoca and Serra Negra, Minas Gerias, Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


Very similar to Physalaemus deimaticus and not assignable to species group, according to the original publication. See comment under Physalaemus erythrosNascimento, Carvalho, Wogel, Fernandes, and Feio, 2001, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 450: 1–10, described the tadpole. In the Physalaemus deimaticus group of Nascimento, Caramaschi, and Cruz, 2005, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 63: 309. Oliveira, Tolledo, and Feio, 2009, Check List, 5: 815–818, provided a range extension to the Serra Negra, Minas Gerais, Brazil, discussed the range, and provided a spot map. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 118–119, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. In the Physalaemus signifer clade, Physalaemus deimaticus species group, of Lourenço, Targueta, Baldo, Nascimento, Garcia, Andrade, Haddad, and Recco-Pimentel, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 92: 204–216. Hepp and Pombal, 2020, Zootaxa, 4725: 1–106, discussed this species as part of a genus-wide discussion of bioacoustical traits among the species. Leal, Leite, Costa, Nascimento, Lourenço, and Garcia, 2020, Zootaxa, 4766: 306–330, compared the call to that of Physalaemus claptoni

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