Adenomera andreae (Müller, 1923)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Adenomera > Species: Adenomera andreae

English Names

Lowland Tropical Bullfrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 70).


Lowlands of northern South America east of the Andes including and limited to Amazonia to the south and east.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela


See account by Heyer, 1973, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 251: 29–31 (as Leptodactylus andreae). Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 82–83, provided a brief account. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, and Zimmerman and Bogart, 1984, Acta Amazonica, 14: 473–520, reported on vocalization. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 83–65, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Márquez, De la Riva, and Bosch, 1995, J. Zool., London, 237: 313–336, reported on vocalization in Bolivia. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 224–225, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. Equivalent to Adenomera sp. Forest Call Type III of Angulo, Cocroft, and Reichle, 2003, Herpetologica, 59: 490–504. Angulo and Icochea, 2003, Herpetol. Rev., 34: 47–48, reported on the call (as Adenomera cf. andreae).Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 42, provided distributional information for Venezuela. Lynch, 2005, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 29: 581–588, anticipated but did not find this species in the vicinity of Leticia, Colombia. Fouquet, Gilles, Vences, Marty, Blanc, and Gemmell, 2007, PLoS One, 10 (e1109): 1–10, provided molecular evidence that this is a species complex. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. See account (as Leptodactylus andreae) for Suriname population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 220–223. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 420, for brief account and records for Guyana. Fouquet, Cassini, Haddad, Pech, and Rodrigues, 2014, J. Biogeograph., 41: 855–870, provided a phylogenetic placement and range map of the species. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 89, for comments on range, misidentificationis, and literature. For identification of larvae in central Amazonia, Brazil, see Hero, 1990, Amazoniana, 11: 201–262. See brief account for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 214–215. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Taucce, Costa-Campos, Carvalho, and Michalski, 2022, Eur. J. Taxon., 836: 96–130, reported on distribution, literature, and conservation status for Amapá, Brazil. Schiesari, Rossa-Feres, Menin, and Hödl, 2022, Zootaxa, 5223: 83–84, detailed larval and metamorph morphology and natural history. Gagliardi-Urrutia, García Dávila, Jaramillo-Martinez, Rojas-Padilla, Rios-Alva, Aguilar-Manihuari, Pérez-Peña, Castroviejo-Fisher, Simões, Estivals, Guillen Huaman, Castro Ruiz, Angulo Chávez, Mariac, Duponchelle, and Renno, 2022, Anf. Loreto: 134–135, provided a brief account, photograph, dot map, and genetic barcode for Loreto, Peru. Crnobrna, Santa-Cruz Farfan, Gallegos, López-Rojas, Llanqui, Panduro Pisco, and Kelsen Arbaiza, 2023, Check List, 19: 445, provided a record from Ucayali Department, central-eastern Peru. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.