Adenomera diptyx (Boettger, 1885)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Adenomera > Species: Adenomera diptyx

Leptodactylus diptyx Boettger, 1885, Z. Naturwiss., Halle, 58: 244. Types: Not designated, but SMF and BMNH (1947.2.17.47–78, formerly numbered 1885.9.1.16–17, by museum records), according to Heyer, 1973, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 251: 26, who designated BMNH 1947.2.17.47 lectotype. Type locality: "Paraguay, Amer. merid."

Leptodactylus glandulosus Cope, 1887, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 24: 52. Syntypes: ANSP 11271–84, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 350; ANSP 10275 (now renumbered 11275) designated lectotype by Heyer, 1973, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 251: 27. Type locality: "at or near . . . . Chupada [= Chapada dos Guimarães], thirty miles north-east of Cuyabá, and near the headwaters of the Xingu, an important tributary of the Amazon", Mato Grosso, Brazil. Synonymy with Leptodactylus diptyx by Boulenger, 1888, Zool. Rec., 24: 31; Boulenger, 1888, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 1: 187; Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 484. Synonymy with Adenomera hylaedactyla by Heyer, 1973, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 251: 35. See comment. 

Leptodactylus diptixPeracca, 1895, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 10 (195): 28. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Adenomera diptyxDe la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 39; Kwet, Steiner, and Zillikens, 2009, Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ., 44: 94, by implication. See comments under Adenomera and Leptodactylus.

Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) diptyxFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 362.

English Names

None noted.


Parque Nacional Cerro Corá (Amambay Department) and the surroundings of Piribebuy (Cordillera Department) in Paraguay and eastern Mato Grosso do Sul, on the border of São Paulo State, in Brazil. Records from eastern Bolivia (Santa Cruz) and northern Argentina require confirmation as these likely are referrable to Adenomera guarani or unnamed species. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, Paraguay

Likely/Controversially Present: Argentina, Bolivia


Removed from the synonymy of Adenomera hylaedactyla by De la Riva, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 557, where it had been placed by Heyer, 1973, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 251: 35. See discussion of nomenclature and confusion in the literature by Lavilla and Cei, 2001, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 28: 74–75. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 15, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Weiler, Núñez, Airaldi, Lavilla, Peris, and Baldo, 2013, Anf. Paraguay: 86, provided a brief account, image, and dot map for Paraguay. Zaracho and Kokubum, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 1–9, reported on larval morphology and reproduction. See comment under Adenomera. Segalla, Berneck, Canedo, Caramaschi, Cruz, Garcia, Grant, Haddad, Lourenço, Mângia, Mott, Nascimento, Toledo, Werneck, and Langone, 2021, Herpetol. Brasil., 10: 185, included this as part of the Brazilian fauna but did not point to specimens or literature. Zaracho, Lavilla, Carvalho, Motte, and Basso, 2023, Eur. J. Taxon., 888: 1–45, redelimited the species with the description of Adenomera guarani, and discussion of comparative morphology, advertisement call, karyology, and molecular markers with that and other species. They also noted that Leptodactylus glandulosus Cope, 1887, is likely not a synonym of Leptodactylus diptyx, but is applicable to one of the currently incompletely delimited species in the complex. 

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