Mantidactylus curtus (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Mantellidae > Subfamily: Mantellinae > Genus: Mantidactylus > Species: Mantidactylus curtus

Rana curta Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 461. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.10.28–31 (formerly 1882.3.16.51–54) according to museum records and Guibé, 1978, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 11: 42, and 3 specimens not traced. BMNH 1947.2.10.30 designated lectotype by Scherz, Crottini, Hutter, Hildenbrand, Andreone, Fulgence, Köhler, Ndriantsoa, Ohler, Preick, Rakotoarison, Rancilhac, Raselimanana, Riemann, Rödel, Rosa, Streicher, Vieites, Köhler, Hofreiter, Glaw, and Vences, 2022, Megataxa, 7: 166.  nmType localities: "East Betsileo" and "Ankafana, Betsileo", Madagascar. Lectotype from "East Betsileo", Madagascar. 

Rana inaudax Peracca, 1893, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 8 (156): 7. Syntypes: MZUT An727 (3 specimens) (according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 107); lost according to Guibé, 1978, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 11: 37. Type locality: "dai dintorni di Andrangoloaka e dalla vicina valle dell'Umbi", Madagascar. Given as Andrangoloaka, Madagascar by Andreone IN Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 107. Synonymy by Blommers-Schlösser and Blanc, 1991, Faune de Madagascar, 75: 244. This synonymy questioned by Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 107.

Mantidactylus inaudaxBoulenger, 1895, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 15: 450; Mocquard, 1895, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 8, 7: 129.

Mantidactylus curtusBoulenger, 1895, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 15: 450; Boulenger, 1918, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1918: 258.

Mantidactylus (Mantidactylus) curtusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 16.

Mantidactylus (Mantidactylus) inaudaxAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 14.

Mantidactylus (Brygoomantis) curtusDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 311; Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., Electron. Suppl., 11(1): 3.

English Names

Ankafana Madagascar Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 101).

Distribution

Endemic to a small area of the central highlands of Madagascar (known from Ambositra, Ankazomivady, Antoetra, Antsirakambiaty forest, Col des Tapias, Ibity, Itremo, and Vatolampy), 1300–2090 m elevation. 

Comment

Glaw and Vences, 2007, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Madagascar, Ed. 3: 236–237, provided an account and noted two similar unnamed species from Ambohitantely and 3) Ankaratra. See account by Vences, Andreone, Glaw, Raminosoa, Randrianirina, and Vieites, 2002, Ital. J. Zool., 69: 271. Subgenus Brygoomantis, Mantidactylus curtus clade of Scherz, Crottini, Hutter, Hildenbrand, Andreone, Fulgence, Köhler, Ndriantsoa, Ohler, Preick, Rakotoarison, Rancilhac, Raselimanana, Riemann, Rödel, Rosa, Streicher, Vieites, Köhler, Hofreiter, Glaw, and Vences, 2022, Megataxa, 7: 113–311, who provided an account detailing (p. 166–170) diagnosis, natural history, adult and larval morphology, and distribution. 

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