Leptobrachium smithi Matsui, Nabhitabhata, and Panha, 1999

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Leptobrachiinae > Genus: Leptobrachium > Species: Leptobrachium smithi

Leptobrachium smithi Matsui, Nabhitabhata, and Panha, 1999, Japan. J. Herpetol., 18: 19-29. Holotype: NHMT A 001, by original designation. Type locality: "Ton Nam Plu Waterfall, Khao Chong, Trang Province, Thailand (7° 34′ N, 99° 49′ E, alt. 260 m)".

Leptobrachium (Leptobrachium) smithiDelorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 12.

English Names

Smith's Litter Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 78; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 39).

Red-eyed Frog (Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 28).

Java Spade Foot Toad (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 51 [Note: inasmuch as the species does not occur in Java, this English name is clearly inappropriate]).

Southern Bicolor-eyed Toadfrog (Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 41). 


Southern Thailand and adjacent Peninsular Myanmar south to extreme northern Malaya (Malaysia); Sayaboury and Vientiane provinces, western Laos (Louangphabang, Vietniane, Xaignabouli, and Oudomxai provinces); isolated records in Assam and Meghalaya, northeastern India; Chittagong and Rangamati Hill districts, Bangladesh.


Confused with Leptobrachium hasseltii and Leptobrachium pullum prior to its description. Reported for Kamrup District, Assam, India, by Sengupta, Choudhury, and Das, 2001, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 98: 289-291, and Choudhury, Hussain, Buruah, Saikia, and Sengupta, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 276. Das and Chanda, 2004, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 10: 245-246, reported the species in Myanmar. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 78-79, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Reported for Pulau Langkawi, Kadeh, northwestern West Malaysia, by Grismer, Youmans, Wood, Ponce, Wright, Jones, Johnson, Sanders, Gower, Yaakob, and Lim, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 61-74. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 474, provided records for Laos. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted a few larval descriptions, of varying completeness in the literature. Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 41–42, provided a brief account for South Tanintharyi, peninsular Myanmar. Nguyen, Brakels, Maury, Sudavanh, Pawangkhanant, Idiiatullina, Lorphengsy, Inkhavilay, Suwannapoom, and Poyarkov, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e248): 218–249, discussed the range and provided a record from Oudomxai Provinces, Laos.

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