Megophrys megacephala Mahony, Sengupta, Kamei, and Biju, 2011

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys megacephala

Megophrys megacephala Mahony, Sengupta, Kamei, and Biju, 2011, Zootaxa, 3059: 37. Holotype: ZSI A 11213, by original designation. Type locality: "Basistha Road, approximately 5 km south of Basistha temple (26° 03′ 59 N, 91°47′ 32 E, 145 m a.s.l.), East Khasi Hills, northern Meghalaya, India"; the type locality noted by  Kharkongor, Saikia, and Deb, 2018, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 118: 45, to be in "Ri Bhoi District, northern Meghalaya, along the border of Assam, and not East Khasi Hills". 

Xenophrys megacephalaFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6. See comment under generic record; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) megacephala — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 756. 

English Names

Big Headed Horned Frog (original publication).

Distribution

Known from two disjunct populations; the eastern population is found from the Ri Bhoi district of Meghalaya state and the adjoining southern Kamrup district of Assam state (Garbhanga Reserve Forest and Mayeng Hill Reserve Forest ) between 90 and 145 m elevation; the western population is found  from Tura municipality in the West Garo Hills district of Meghalaya state at 675 m and possibly as high as 875 m elevation, India.

Comment

 Kharkongor, Saikia, and Deb, 2018, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 118: 45, briefly summarized the range in India. See account by Mahony, Kamei, Teeling, and Biju, 2020, J. Nat. Hist., London, 54: 154–157, who corrected much of the literature and the range, noted that it was widely previously confused with Megophrys parva, and placed it in their Megophrys (Xenophrys) megacephala species group. 

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