Megophryinae (Bonaparte, 1850)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae
129 species

Megalophreidina Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p. Type genus: Megalophrys Wagler, 1830 (= Megophrys Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822).

Megalophryinae — Fejérváry, 1922 "1921", Arch. Naturgesch., Abt. A,, 87: 25.

Megophryinae — Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 492; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 15.

Megalophryninae — Tamarunov, 1964, in Orlov (ed.), Osnovy Paleontologii, 12: 129.

Megophryini — Dubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 471; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 15.

Megophryidae — Ford and Cannatella, 1993, Herpetol. Monogr., 7: 94–117.

Xenophryini Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17. Type genus Xenophrys Günther, 1864. 

English Names

Asian Spadefoot Toads (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 87; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 22).


Tropical Asia from India and Bhutan to China and south to the Sundas and the Philippines. 


See discussion under Megophryidae and Megophrys. There is a substantial rank-disagreement regarding taxa within Megophryinae among authors. Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 744–771, provided the first comprehensive molecular tree of the group and placed all megophryines into one genus, Megophrys, with multiple subgenera. Deuti, Grosjean, Nicolas, Vasudevan, and Ohler, 2017, Alytes, 34: 20–48, provided a 5-genus taxonomy based on their tree. Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 413–414, provided a tree of megophryines and a 7-genus taxonomy based on less dense taxon sampling and evidence than was employed by Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Liu, Huang, Li, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 4927: 9–40. DRF expects the controversy to go on for some time since the 1-genus (mostly in India) and 7-genus (mostly in China) working groups are  active, essentially agree on the phylogenetic topology, and are not about to change their minds on which taxonomy is more useful. For secondary literature, choosing one or the other system will not be "wrong" in any scientific sense. Read "What is the right name?" (see column to left) for more clarity on what I mean here. 

Contained taxa (129 sp.):

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