Pelobatrachus edwardinae (Inger, 1989)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Pelobatrachus > Species: Pelobatrachus edwardinae

Megophrys edwardinae Inger, 1989, Malayan Nat. J., 42: 230. Holotype: FMNH 148293, by original designation. Type locality: "Nanga Tekalit, Kapit District, Seventh Division, Sarawak", Malaysia.

Borneophrys edwardinaeDelorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 15.

Megophrys edwardinae —  Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41. 

Megophrys (Pelobatrachus) edwardinae — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 754. 

Pelobatrachus edwardinae — Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Liu, Huang, Li, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 4927: 39.

English Names

Edwardina's Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Edwardine's Horned Toad (Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 37).

Rough Horned Frog (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 437).


Known from two widely separated populations: one in western Sabah and the other in east-central Sarawak, Malayisa (Borneo); also reported fro Batu Apoi, Brunei; presumably to be found in adjacent Kalimantan, Indonesia.


See Inger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 553, for Sabah record. May belong in Xenophrys. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 68-69, to compare this species with other megophryids in the Sunda Shelf region. Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 109, provided a brief account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Megophrys edwardinae) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 437. Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 37, provided a photograph and a brief account (as Megophrys edwardinae. See comment under Megophryidae.

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